author = "Ferreira, Joice and Lennox, Gareth D. and Gardner, Toby A. and 
                         Thomson, James R. and Berenguer, Erika and Lees, Alexander C. and 
                         Mac Nally, Ralph and Arag{\~a}o, Luiz Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de 
                         and Ferraz, Silvio F. B. and Louzada, Julio and Moura, 
                         N{\'a}rgila G. and Oliveira, Victor H. F. and Pardini, Renata and 
                         Solar, Ricardo R. C. and Vieira, Ima C. G. and {Barlow } and 
                         , Jos",
          affiliation = "{Embrapa Amaz{\^o}nia Oriental} and {Lancaster University} and 
                         {Stockholm Environment Institute} and {University of Canberra} and 
                         {Lancaster University} and {Manchester Metropolitan University} 
                         and {University of Canberra} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA)} and {Museu Paraense 
                         Em{\'{\i}}lio Goeldi} and {Universidade Federal de Lavras 
                         (UFLA)} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)} and {Museu Paraense 
                         Em{\'{\i}}lio Goeldi} and {Lancaster University}",
                title = "Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most 
                         biodiverse tropical forests",
              journal = "Nature Climate Change",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "8",
               number = "8",
                pages = "744--749",
                month = "aug.",
             abstract = "As one of Earths most carbon-dense regions, tropical forests are 
                         central to climate change mitigation efforts. Their unparalleled 
                         species richness also makes them vital for safeguarding 
                         biodiversity. However, because research has not been conducted at 
                         management-relevant scales and has often not accounted for forest 
                         disturbance, the biodiversity implications of carbon conservation 
                         strategies remain poorly understood. We investigated tropical 
                         carbonbiodiversity relationships and trade-offs along a 
                         forest-disturbance gradient, using detailed and extensive carbon 
                         and biodiversity datasets. Biodiversity was positively associated 
                         with carbon in secondary and highly disturbed primary forests. 
                         Positive carbonbiodiversity relationships dissipated at around 
                         100\ MgC\ ha1, meaning that in less disturbed 
                         forests more carbon did not equal more biodiversity. Simulated 
                         carbon conservation schemes therefore failed to protect many 
                         species in the most species-rich forests. These biodiversity 
                         shortfalls were sensitive to opportunity costs and could be 
                         decreased for small carbon penalties. To ensure that the most 
                         ecologically valuable forests are protected, biodiversity needs to 
                         be incorporated into carbon conservation planning.",
                  doi = "10.1038/s41558-018-0225-7",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0225-7",
                 issn = "1758-678X",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "ferreira_carbon.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "11 maio 2021"