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@Article{CanettieriSSHSDFC:2018:PhThCh,
               author = "Canettieri, Eliana Vieira and Silva, Vin{\'{\i}}cius Pereira da 
                         and Soares Neto, Tur{\'{\i}}bio Gomes and 
                         Hern{\'a}ndez-P{\'e}rez, Andr{\'e}s Felipe and Silva, Debora 
                         Danielle Virg{\'{\i}}nio da and Duss{\'a}n, Kelly Johana and 
                         Felipe, Maria das Gra{\c{c}}as Almeida and Carvalho J{\'u}nior, 
                         Jo{\~a}o Andrade de",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)} and {Instituto Nacional 
                         de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo 
                         (USP)} and {Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)} and 
                         {Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)} and {Universidade de 
                         S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Universidade Estadual Paulista 
                         (UNESP)}",
                title = "Physicochemical and thermal characteristics of sugarcane straw and 
                         its cellulignin",
              journal = "Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and 
                         Engineering",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "40",
               number = "9",
                pages = "e416",
                month = "Sept.",
             keywords = "Biomass, Emissions factor, Thermochemical conversion, Biorefinery, 
                         Energy.",
             abstract = "Combustion of biomass is considered to be a source of atmospheric 
                         pollution and, therefore, is one of the important sources of CO2 
                         emission. This paper discusses the burning of sugarcane straw and 
                         its cellulignin in laboratory tests to determine the 
                         characteristics and emission factors, of this combustion process. 
                         Elemental, chemical composition and thermogravimetric analyses 
                         were performed for both samples. Carbon contents for sugarcane 
                         straw and its cellulignin were estimated, and the values found 
                         were 45.69% and 44.28%, respectively. Higher heating values (HHV) 
                         were determined by experimental methods with a calorimetric bomb 
                         and were estimated by theoretical equations. The best results were 
                         obtained when only the lignins content was considered. During the 
                         experimental tests to determine HHVs, cellulignin did not burn 
                         completely, while straw burned completely. This could be because 
                         cellulignin contains more ashes, resulting in more residual ash 
                         after burning. Pollutant emission of CO2, CO, NO and UHC was 
                         evaluated in the flaming and smoldering combustion phases. NO 
                         concentrations were not presented because they were less than 10 
                         ppm. The average theoretical and experimental emission factors for 
                         CO2 were analyzed. CO2 emissions factors found for sugarcane straw 
                         and their cellulignin were 1316  83.6 and 1275  105 g 
                         kg\−1 of dry burned biomass, respectively. The evaluated 
                         parameters are useful to incorporate these materials into a future 
                         biorefinery.",
                  doi = "10.1007/s40430-018-1331-1",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40430-018-1331-1",
                 issn = "1678-5878",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "canettiere_physicochemical.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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