author = "Campos, Pedro Beno Rocha and Almeida, Cl{\'a}udia Maria de and 
                         Queiroz, Alfredo Pereira de",
          affiliation = "{Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo 
                title = "Educational infrastructure and its impact on urban land use change 
                         in a periurban area: a cellular-automata based approach",
              journal = "Land Use Policy",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "79",
                pages = "774--788",
                month = "Dec.",
             keywords = "Urban land use change, Weights of evidence, Cellular automata, 
                         Unified educational center.",
             abstract = "Educational infrastructure plays a crucial role in shaping urban 
                         tissue and this holds true mainly in informal neighborhoods of 
                         developing countries, where land use dynamics are constantly 
                         evolving. This paper is committed to analyze trends of land use 
                         change in a peri-urban area in the vicinities of a unified 
                         educational center (in Portuguese, centro educacional unificado 
                         \― CEU) named Paz, built in 2004, in the northern sector of 
                         Sao Paulo city (southeast of Brazil). A cellular automata-based 
                         spatiotemporal model was used to simulate land use change in time 
                         spans before and after its construction: 2000\―2004 and 
                         2004\―2010. The model, which comprises 10 types of land use 
                         classes and multiple transitions, was run in a high performance 
                         computing platform and its parameterization was based on the 
                         Bayesian weights of evidence method. Urban landscape dynamics were 
                         analyzed with the aid of land use transition rates, the cells 
                         transition probabilities and morphological metrics of the land use 
                         patches. The results revealed that the yearly growth rate of 
                         informal urban settlements increased 27% after the CEU-Paz 
                         start-up; the transition rate to formal residential areas was 
                         eight times greater in the second time span, and the rate of 
                         unoccupied lands (vacant plots) decreased 37% between the given 
                         periods. Considering that the cells transition probabilities 
                         presented a strong spatial dependence with the distance to 
                         CEU-Paz, an unbalanced urban growth pattern was though observed in 
                         the studied area, which gathered informal settlements in 
                         physically vulnerable areas, although close to CEU-Paz, and drove 
                         the expansion of formal urban settlements to safe sites in its 
                         surroundings and predominantly close to previously existing 
                         transport infrastructure.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.08.036",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.08.036",
                 issn = "0264-8377 and 1873-5754",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "campos_educational.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "25 nov. 2020"