author = "Gloor, Emanuel and Wilson, Chris and Chipperfield, Martyn P. and 
                         Chevallier, Frederic and Buermann, Wolfgang and Boesch, Hartmut 
                         and Parker, Robert and Somkuti, Peter and Gatti, Luciana Vanni and 
                         Correia, Caio and Domingues, Lucas Gatti and Peters, Wouter and 
                         Miller, John and Deeter, Merritt N. and Sullivan, Martin J. P.",
          affiliation = "{University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {University of 
                         Leeds} and LSCE and {University of Augsburg} and {University of 
                         Leicester} and {University of Leicester} and {University of 
                         Leicester} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} 
                         and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Wageningen 
                         Universiteit en Researchcentrum} and {NOAA/Earth System Research 
                         Laboratory} and {NCAR Atmospheric Chemistry Division} and 
                         {University of Leeds}",
                title = "Tropical land carbon cycle responses to 2015/16 El Nino as 
                         recorded by atmospheric greenhouse gas and remote sensing data",
              journal = "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological 
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "373",
               number = "1760",
                pages = "e20170302",
                month = "nov.",
             keywords = "carbon cycle, global warming, fire, tropical forests.",
             abstract = "The outstanding tropical land climate characteristic over the past 
                         decades is rapid warming, with no significant large-scale 
                         precipitation trends. This warming is expected to continue but the 
                         effects on tropical vegetation are unknown. El Nino-related heat 
                         peaks may provide a test bed for a future hotter world. Here we 
                         analyse tropical land carbon cycle responses to the 2015/16 El 
                         Nino heat and drought anomalies using an atmospheric transport 
                         inversion. Based on the global atmospheric CO2 and fossil fuel 
                         emission records, we find no obvious signs of anomalously large 
                         carbon release compared with earlier El Nino events, suggesting 
                         resilience of tropical vegetation. We find roughly equal net 
                         carbon release anomalies from Amazonia and tropical Africa, 
                         approximately 0.5 PgC each, and smaller carbon release anomalies 
                         from tropical East Asia and southern Africa. Atmospheric CO 
                         anomalies reveal substantial fire carbon release from tropical 
                         East Asia peaking in October 2015 while fires contribute only a 
                         minor amount to the Amazonian carbon flux anomaly. Anomalously 
                         large Amazonian carbon flux release is consistent with 
                         downregulation of primary productivity during peak negative 
                         near-surface water anomaly (October 2015 to March 2016) as 
                         diagnosed by solar-induced fluorescence. Finally, we find an 
                         unexpected anomalous positive flux to the atmosphere from tropical 
                         Africa early in 2016, coincident with substantial CO release.",
                  doi = "10.1098/rstb.2017.0302",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2017.0302",
                 issn = "1552-2814",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "gloor_tropical.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "29 nov. 2020"