author = "Zhu, Liye and Martin, Maria Val and Gatti, Luciana Vanni and Kahn, 
                         Ralph and Hecobian, Arsineh and Fischer, Emily V.",
          affiliation = "{Sun Yat-sen University} and {The University of Sheffield} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {NASA 
                         Goddard Space Flight Center} and {Colorado State University} and 
                         {Colorado State University}",
                title = "Development and implementation of a new biomass burning emissions 
                         injection height scheme (BBEIH v1.0) for the GEOS-Chem model 
              journal = "Geoscientific Model Development",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "11",
               number = "10",
                pages = "4103--4116",
                month = "Oct.",
             abstract = "Biomass burning is a significant source of trace gases and 
                         aerosols to the atmosphere, and the evolution of these species 
                         depends acutely on where they are injected into the atmosphere. 
                         GEOS-Chem is a chemical transport model driven by assimilated 
                         meteorological data that is used to probe a variety of scientific 
                         questions related to atmospheric composition, including the role 
                         of biomass burning. This paper presents the development and 
                         implementation of a new global biomass burning emissions injection 
                         scheme in the GEOS-Chem model. The new injection scheme is based 
                         on monthly gridded Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) 
                         global plume-height stereoscopic observations in 2008. To provide 
                         specific examples of the impact of the model updates, we compare 
                         the output from simulations with and without the new MISR-based 
                         injection height scheme to several sets of observations from 
                         regions with active fires. Our comparisons with Arctic Research on 
                         the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites 
                         (ARCTAS) aircraft observations show that the updated injection 
                         height scheme can improve the ability of the model to simulate the 
                         vertical distribution of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) and carbon 
                         monoxide (CO) over North American boreal regions in summer. We 
                         also compare a simulation for October 2010 and 2011 to vertical 
                         profiles of CO over the Amazon Basin. When coupled with larger 
                         emission factors for CO, a simulation that includes the new 
                         injection scheme also better matches selected observations in this 
                         region. Finally, the improved injection height improves the 
                         simulation of monthly mean surface CO over California during July 
                         2008, a period with large fires.",
                  doi = "10.5194/gmd-11-4103-2018",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-4103-2018",
                 issn = "1991-959X",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "zhu_development.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "25 nov. 2020"