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@Article{CapistranoNTSBSMFBKRGVN:2018:OvClCh,
               author = "Capistrano, Vinicius Buscioli and Nobre, Paulo and Tedeschi, 
                         Renata Gon{\c{c}}alves and Silva, Josiane and Bottino, Marcus and 
                         Silva J{\'u}nior, Manoel Baptista and Menezes Neto, 
                         Otac{\'{\i}}lio Leandro and Figueroa Rivero, Silvio Nilo and 
                         Bonatti, Jos{\'e} Paulo and Kubota, Paulo Yoshio and Reyes 
                         Fernandez, Julio Pablo and Giarolla, Emanuel and Vial, Jessica and 
                         Nobre, Carlos Afonso",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Laboratoire de M{\'e}t{\'e}orologie Dynamique/Centre National 
                         de la Recherche Scientifique (LMD/CNRS)} and {Centro Nacional de 
                         Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais (CEMADEN)}",
                title = "Overview of climate change in the BESM-OA2.5 climate model",
              journal = "Geoscientific Model Development Discussions",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "2018",
                month = "Oct.",
             abstract = "The main features of climate change patterns, as simulated by the 
                         coupled ocean-atmosphere version 2.5 of the Brazilian Earth System 
                         Model (BESM-OA2.5) are contrasted with those of other 25 CMIP5 
                         models, focusing on temperature, precipitation and atmospheric 
                         circulation. The climate sensitivity to quadrupling atmospheric 
                         CO2 concentration is investigated from two techniques: Gregory et 
                         al. (2004) and Radiative Kernel (Soden and Held, 2006; Soden et 
                         al., 2008) methods. Radiative kernels from both NCAR and GFDL are 
                         used in order to decompose the climate feedback responses of CMIP5 
                         models and BESM-OA2.5 into different processes. Applying the 
                         Gregory method for equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) 
                         estimation, we obtain values ranging from 2.07 to 4.74K for the 
                         CMIP5 models and 2.96K for BESM, which is close to the ensemble 
                         mean value (3.30Ką0.76). The study reveals that BESM has shown 
                         zonally averaged feedbacks estimated from Radiative Kernel within 
                         the ensemble standard deviation of the other CMIP5 models. The 
                         exceptions are found in the high-latitudes of the Northern 
                         Hemisphere, where BESM shows values for lapse-rate and humidity 
                         feedbacks marginally out of the limit between minimum and maximum 
                         of CMIP5 multi-model ensemble, as well as in the Arctic region and 
                         over the ocean near the Antarctic for cloud feedback. Moreover, 
                         BESM shows physically consistent changes in the pattern of 
                         temperature, precipitation and atmospheric circulation.",
                  doi = "10.5194/gmd-2018-209",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2018-209",
                 issn = "1991-962X and 1991-9611",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "capistrano_overview.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "27 nov. 2020"
}


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