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@Article{VegaLoZuCaZaVa:2018:SoMaPr,
               author = "Vega, Blanca and Lobo, Felipe de Lucia and Zubieta, Jos{\'e} and 
                         Carolsfeld, Joachim and Zambrana, Ivar and Van Damme, Paul 
                         Andr{\'e}",
          affiliation = "{Institute for Action-Research on Hydrobiological Resources 
                         (FAUNAGUA)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} 
                         and {Institute for Action-Research on Hydrobiological Resources 
                         (FAUNAGUA)} and {Institute for Action-Research on Hydrobiological 
                         Resources (FAUNAGUA)} and {Institute for Action-Research on 
                         Hydrobiological Resources (FAUNAGUA)} and {Institute for 
                         Action-Research on Hydrobiological Resources (FAUNAGUA)}",
                title = "Socio\‐environmental mapping for the prediction of 
                         aquaculture success of Pacu (Colossoma spp., Piaractus spp., and 
                         hybrids) in the Bolivian Amazon",
              journal = "Journal of Applied Ichthyology",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "34",
               number = "6",
                pages = "1267--1276",
                month = "Dec.",
             keywords = "aquaculture, Bolivian Amazon, fish farmers, GIS modelling, pacu.",
             abstract = "Tropical aquaculture has great potential to contribute to 
                         Bolivia's food security and rural livelihoods. However, despite 
                         substantial development in neighboring countries, growth of the 
                         sector has been slow and intermittent in Bolivia. One of the key 
                         limitations to effective growth is an inadequate knowledge of the 
                         aquaculture potential for its expansion. The development of a 
                         predictive tool for aquaculture propensity in the Bolivian Amazon 
                         (708,482.4 km(2)) for pond culture of native {"}pacu{"} (Colossoma 
                         macropomum, Piaractus spp., and their hybrids) is described. This 
                         tool includes environmental variables (water availability, 
                         temperature, flooding, and soil type) and accessibility variables 
                         (market, food and fingerling suppliers, technical assistance), 
                         that were assigned weights and thresholds through advice from 
                         experts and producers to create suitability levels pacu fish 
                         culture. Spatial modeling generated a raster map of 900 m 
                         resolution, mapping specific suitability levels. The resulting 
                         suitability map was subjected to a sensitivity analysis, to check 
                         for undue influence of individual variables. Finally, the 
                         predictive map was compared to actual fish pond distribution, 
                         resulting in an accuracy of 85.6%. This validation process 
                         indicates that the resulting tool can be used with confidence in 
                         identifying promising areas for pacu aquaculture in the Bolivian 
                         Amazon. The model can also be refined in the future with new 
                         variables as these become available with new research, such as 
                         predictions of economic performance.",
                  doi = "10.1111/jai.13814",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jai.13814",
                 issn = "0175-8659",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "vegas_socio.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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