author = "Silva, Carlos Batista and Silva, Maria Elisa Siqueira and Krusche, 
                         N{\'{\i}}sia and Ambrizzi, T{\'e}rcio and Ferreira, Nelson de 
                         Jesus and Silva Dias, Pedro Leite da",
          affiliation = "{Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Universidade de 
                         S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Universidade Federal de Rio Grande} and 
                         {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo 
                title = "The analysis of global surface temperature wavelets from 1884 to 
              journal = "Theoretical and Applied Climatology",
                 year = "2019",
               volume = "136",
               number = "3/4",
                pages = "1435--1451",
                month = "may",
             abstract = "In this paper, we sought to investigate the spatial and temporal 
                         variability of the global sea surface temperature in the 1884-2014 
                         period, through wavelet analysis. Results for tropical, 
                         subtropical, and extratropical areas indicate important 
                         oscillations in the 1-12-month and 1-2-, 2-4-, 4-8-, and 8-12-year 
                         spectral ranges, as obtained in other studies which used regional 
                         mean SST values instead of global gridpoint data with 2.5(o) 
                         resolution, as used in this study. The intraseasonal (1-12months) 
                         and interannual (1-2years) oscillations are much more evident in 
                         the tropical latitudes. On the other hand, lower frequency 
                         oscillations (2-4, 4-8, and 8-12years) are more dominant away from 
                         tropical regions. The faster oscillation scale (1-12-month and 
                         1-2- and 2-4-year spectral ranges) SST variance presents negative 
                         trends throughout the entire period, while the values associated 
                         with the slower oscillation scales (4-8- and 8-12-year spectral 
                         ranges) present increasing trends. The reversal of trends for 
                         distinct SST spectral ranges over the whole period suggests energy 
                         exchanges between distinct oscillatory phenomena. In addition, the 
                         energy increase of slower frequencies suggests the prolonged 
                         settlement of low-frequency climatic patterns in the future, 
                         providing more inertial climatic patterns. The strongest 
                         diminishing values of SST variance associated with the higher 
                         frequency oscillations were observed in the Atlantic oceanic 
                         basins. The strongest increasing values for the lower 
                         oscillations, mainly related to the 2-4- and 4-8-year spectral 
                         ranges, were observed in the Pacific basins. In general, the 
                         Pacific basins are closely correlated with the global mean 
                         (0.55r0.92), compared with the Atlantic (0.31r0.75) and Indian 
                         (0.12r0.56) basins.",
                  doi = "10.1007/s00704-018-2569-3",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-018-2569-3",
                 issn = "0177-798X",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "Silva2019_Article_TheAnalysisOfGlobalSurfaceTemp.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "15 abr. 2021"