author = "Nobre, Paulo and Pereira, Enio Bueno and Lacerda, Francinete 
                         Francis and Bursztyn, Marcel and Haddad, Eduardo Amaral and Ley, 
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Agronomico 
                         de Pernambuco} and {Universidade de Bras{\'{\i}}lia (UnB)} and 
                         {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {University of 
                title = "Solar smart grid as a path to economic inclusion and adaptation to 
                         climate change in the Brazilian Semiarid Northeast",
              journal = "International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and 
                 year = "2019",
               volume = "11",
               number = "4",
                pages = "499--517",
                month = "Aug.",
             keywords = "Socioeconomic development, Climate change adaptation, Distributed 
                         photovoltaic generation, Semiarid Northeast Brazil.",
             abstract = "Purpose: This study aims to exploit the abundance of solar energy 
                         resources for socioeconomic development in the semi -arid 
                         Northeastern Brazil as a potent adaptation tool to global climate 
                         change. It points out a set of conjuncture factors that allow us 
                         to foresee a new paradigm of sustainable development for the 
                         region by transforming the suns radiant energy into electricity 
                         through distributed photovoltaic generation. The new paradigm, as 
                         presented in this essay, has the transformative potential to free 
                         the region from past regional development dogma, which was 
                         dependent on the scarce water resource, and the marginal and 
                         predatory use of its Caatinga Biome. Design/methodology/approach: 
                         The research uses a pre ante design, following the procedures of 
                         scenario building, as an adaptation mechanism to climate change in 
                         the sector of energy generation and socioeconomic inclusion. 
                         Findings: The scenarios of socioeconomic resilience to climate 
                         change based on the abundance of solar radiation, rather than the 
                         scarcity of water, demonstrates its potential as a global 
                         adaptation paradigm to climate change. Research 
                         limitations/implications: The developments proposed are dependent 
                         on federal legislation changes, allowing the small producer to be 
                         remunerated by the energy produced. Practical implications: The 
                         proposed smart grid photovoltaic generation program increases the 
                         country's resiliency to the effect of droughts and climate change. 
                         Social implications: As proposed, the program allows for the 
                         reversion of a pattern of long term poverty in semi-arid Northeast 
                         Brazil. Originality/value: The exploitation of the characteristics 
                         of abundance of the semiarid climate, i.e. its very condition of 
                         semi-aridity with abundant solar radiation, is itself an advantage 
                         factor toward adaption to unforeseen drought events. Extensive 
                         previous research has focused on weighting and monitoring drought 
                         i.e. the paradigm of scarcity. The interplay between exploiting 
                         Northeast Brazils abundant factors and climate change adaptation, 
                         especially at the small farmer levels constitutes a discovery 
                         never before contemplated.",
                  doi = "10.1108/IJCCSM-09-2018-0067",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-09-2018-0067",
                 issn = "1756-8692",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "nobre_solar.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "11 abr. 2021"