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@Article{ArndtBDSGWSBMNCWMDEDKMMPRSSVWWKDCPMHCRNBCISSVZSRPBBSMHBZNVAGBYTBBDZCRFDFHSPMSZKRLFSSPRHGKJDBOHSJMMBDJMWAAMMMSHWWKSWGLDHMDMEMRBKABBWSAAFACDDFFHLLRRSTWWDRHSVZCFIPKWHGPRRSTMLHKXZHWJLBCDGIKMPWLYJSKWTWLSCHJMMMNKKHGSLDFCKSWFWCLSCTBSBMPCWHDSBBLWGPKKSCTPLDGKLBRODJOHHKWWBTLPMTFHGHKPRWSTBCFFAMSAWRSISSKCDMMJMBDLDHSSTMSTEBRWFPBTKMPGJBFGIJLMMSSCBFCKLRMLMSGJASKMMSCSKNNSLJPSPBCLBGLMSGSFRNBMLAHACMSTTVCBSMDMHCZNMEARLRDRDACSADMMKSEMHFISFTKMJDBRLRBVWHBTZZLRMLOTSRRSKKZGLMTB:2019:In,
               author = "Arndt, D. S. and Blunden, J. and Dunn, R. J. H. and Stanitski, D. 
                         M. and Gobron, N. and Willett, K. M. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and 
                         Berrisford, P. and Morice, C. and Nicolas, J. P. and Carrea, L. 
                         and Woolway, R. I. and Merchant, C. J. and Dokulil, M. T. and de 
                         Eyto, E. and DeGasperi, C. L. and Korhonen, J. and Marszelewski, 
                         W. and May, L. and Paterson, A. M. and Rusak, J. A. and Schladow, 
                         S. G. and Schmid, M. and Verburg, P. and Watanabe, S. and 
                         Weyhenmeyer, G. A. and King, A. D. and Donat, M. G. and Christy, 
                         J. R. and Po-Chedley, S. and Mears, C. R. and Haimberger, L. and 
                         Covey, C. and Randel, W. and Noetzli, J. and Biskaborn, B. K. and 
                         Christiansen, H. H. and Isaksen, K. and Schoeneich, P. and Smith, 
                         S. and Vieira, G. and Zhao, L. and Streletskiy, D. A. and 
                         Robinson, D. A. and Pelto, M. and Berry, D. I. and Bosilovich, M. 
                         G. and Simmons, A. J. and Mears, C. and Ho, S. P. and Bock, O. and 
                         Zhou, X. and Nicolas, J. and Vose, R. S. and Adler, R. and Gu, G. 
                         and Becker, A. and Yin, X. and Tye, M. R. and Blenkinsop, S. and 
                         Bosilovich, M. G. and Durre, I. and Ziese, M. and Collow, A. B. 
                         Marquardt and Rustemeier, E. and Foster, M. J. and Di Girolamo, L. 
                         and Frey, R. A. and Heidinger, A. K. and Sun-Mack, S. and 
                         Phillips, C. and Menzel, W. P. and Stengel, M. and Zhao, G. and 
                         Kim, H. and Rodell, M. and Li, B. and Famiglietti, J. S. and 
                         Scanlon, T. and van der Schalie, R. and Preimesberger, W. and 
                         Reimer, C. and Hahn, S. and Gruber, A. and Kidd, R. and de Jeu, R. 
                         A. M. and Dorigo, W. A. and Barichivich, J. and Osborn, T. J. and 
                         Harris, I. and van der Schrier, G. and Jones, P. D. and Miralles, 
                         D. G. and Martens, B. and Beck, H. E. and Dolman, A. J. and 
                         Jimenez, C. and McCabe, M. F. and Wood, E. F. and Allan, R. and 
                         Azorin-Molina, C. and Mears, C. A. and McVicar, T. R. and Mayer, 
                         M. and Schenzinger, V. and Hersbach, H. and Stackhouse and Jr. and 
                         W. , P. and Wong, T. and Kratz, D. P. and Sawaengphokhai, P. and 
                         Wilber, A. C. and Gupta, S. K. and Loeb, N. G. and Dlugokencky, E. 
                         J. and Hall, B. D. and Montzka, S. A. and Dutton, G. and Muhle, J. 
                         and Elkins, J. W. and Miller, B. R. and Remy, S. and Bellouin, N. 
                         and Kipling, Z. and Ades, M. and Benedetti, A. and Boucher, O. and 
                         Weber, M. and Steinbrecht, W. and Arosio, C. and van der A, R. and 
                         Frith, S. M. and Anderson, J. and Coldewey-Egbers, M. and Davis, 
                         S. and Degenstein, D. and Fioletov, V. E. and Froidevaux, L. and 
                         Hubert, D. and Long, C. S. and Loyola, D. and Rozanov, A. and 
                         Roth, C. and Sofieva, V. and Tourpali, K. and Wang, R. and Wild, 
                         J. D. and Davis, S. M. and Rosenlof, K. H. and Hurst, D. F. and 
                         Selkirk, H. B. and Vomel, H. and Ziemke, J. R. and Cooper, O. R. 
                         and Flemming, J. and Inness, A. and Pinty, B. and Kaiser, J. W. 
                         and van der Werf, G. R. and Hemming, D. L. and Garforth, J. and 
                         Park, T. and Richardson, A. D. and Rutishauser, T. and Sparks, T. 
                         H. and Thackeray, S. J. and Myneni, R. and Lumpkin, R. and Huang, 
                         B. and Kennedy, J. and Xue, Y. and Zhang, H. -M. and Hu, C. and 
                         Wang, M. and Johnson, G. C. and Lyman, J. M. and Boyer, T. and 
                         Cheng, L. and Domingues, C. M. and Gilson, J. and Ishii, M. and 
                         Killick, R. E. and Monselesan, D. and Purkey, S. G. and Wijffels, 
                         S. E. and Locarnini, R. and Yu, L. and Jin, X. and Stackhouse, P. 
                         W. and Kato, S. and Weller, R. A. and Thompson, P. R. and 
                         Widlansky, M. J. and Leuliette, E. and Sweet, W. and Chambers, D. 
                         P. and Hamlington, B. D. and Jevrejeva, S. and Marra, J. J. and 
                         Merrifield, M. A. and Mitchum, G. T. and Nerem, R. S. and Kelble, 
                         C. and Karnauskas, M. and Hubbard, K. and Goni, G. and Streeter, 
                         C. and Lumpkin, R. and Dohan, K. and Franz, B. A. and Cetinic, I. 
                         and Karakoylu, E. M. and Siegel, D. A. and Westberry, T. K. and 
                         Feely, R. A. and Wanninkhof, R. and Carter, B. R. and 
                         Landschutzer, P. and Sutton, A. J. and Cosca, C. and Trinanes, J. 
                         A. and Baxter, S. and Schreck, C. and Bell, G. D. and Mullan, A. 
                         B. and Pezza, A. B. and Coelho, Caio Augusto dos Santos and Wang, 
                         B. and He, Q. and Diamond, H. J. and Schreck, C. J. and Bell, G. 
                         D. and Blake, E. S. and Landsea, C. W. and Wang, H. and 
                         Goldenberg, S. B. and Pasch, R. J. and Klotzbach, P. J. and Kruk, 
                         M. C. and Schreck, C. J. and Camargo, S. J. and Trewin, B. C. and 
                         Pearce, P. R. and Lorrey, A. M. and Domingues, R. and Goni, G. J. 
                         and Knaff, J. A. and Lin, I. -I. and Bringas, F. and 
                         Richter-Menge, J. and Osborne, E. and Druckenmiller, M. and 
                         Jeffries, M. O. and Overland, J. E. and Hanna, E. and 
                         Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Kim, S. -J. and Walsh, J. E. and Wang, M. 
                         and Bhatt, U. S. and Timmermans, M. -L. and Ladd, C. and Perovich, 
                         D. and Meier, W. and Tschudi, M. and Farrell, S. and Hendricks, S. 
                         and Gerland, S. and Haas, C. and Krumpen, T. and Polashenski, C. 
                         and Ricker, R. and Webster, M. and Stabeno, P. J. and Tedesco, M. 
                         and Box, J. E. and Cappelen, J. and Fausto, R. S. and Fettweis, X. 
                         and Andersen, J. K. and Mote, T. and Smeets, C. J. P. P. and van 
                         As, D. and van de Wal, R. S. W. and Romanovsky, V. E. and Smith, 
                         S. L. and Isaksen, K. and Shiklomanov, N. I. and Streletskiy, D. 
                         A. and Kholodov, A. L. and Christiansen, H. H. and Drozdov, D. S. 
                         and Malkova, G. V. and Marchenko, S. S. and Jella, K. B. and 
                         Mudryk, L. and Brown, R. and Derksen, C. and Luojus, K. and 
                         Decharme, B. and Holmes, R. M. and Shiklomanov, A. I. and Suslova, 
                         A. and Tretiakov, M. and McClelland, J. W. and Spencer, R. G. M. 
                         and Tank, S. E. and Epstein, H. and Bhatt, U. and Raynolds, M. and 
                         Walker, D. and Forbes, B. and Phoenix, G. and Bjerke, J. and 
                         Tommervik, H. and Karlsen, S. -R. and Myneni, R. and Park, T. and 
                         Goetz, S. and Jia, G. and Bernhard, G. H. and Fioletov, V. E. and 
                         Grooss, J. -U. and Ialongo, I. and Johnsen, B. and Lakkala, K. and 
                         Manney, G. L. and Mueller, R. and Scambos, T. and Stammerjohn, S. 
                         and Clem, K. R. and Barreira, S. and Fogt, R. L. and Colwell, S. 
                         and Keller, L. M. and Lazzara, M. A. and Reid, P. and Massom, R. 
                         A. and Lieser, J. L. and Meijers, A. and Sallee, J. -B. and Grey, 
                         A. and Johnson, K. and Arrigo, K. and Swart, S. and King, B. and 
                         Meredith, M. and Mazloff, M. and Scardilli, A. and Claus, F. and 
                         Shuman, C. A. and Kramarova, N. and Newman, P. A. and Nash, E. R. 
                         and Strahan, S. E. and Long, C. S. and Johnson, B. and Pitts, M. 
                         and Santee, M. L. and Petropavlovskikh, I. and Braathen, G. O. and 
                         Coy, L. and de Laat, J. and Bissolli, P. and Ganter, C. and Li, T. 
                         and Mekonnen, A. and Sanchez-Lugo, A. and Gleason, K. and Smith, 
                         A. and Fenimore, C. and Heim and Jr. and R. , R. and Nauslar, N. 
                         J. and Brown, T. J. and Mcevoy, D. J. and Lareau, N. P. and 
                         Amador, J. A. and Hidalgo, H. G. and Alfaro, E. J. and Calderon, 
                         B. and Mora, N. and Stephenson, T. S. and Taylor, M. A. and 
                         Trotman, A. R. and Van Meerbeeck, C. J. and Campbell, J. D. and 
                         Brown, A. and Spence, J. and Martinez, R. and Diaz, E. and Marin, 
                         D. and Hernandez, R. and Caceres, L. and Zambrano, E. and Nieto, 
                         J. and Marengo, J. A. and Espinoza, J. C. and Alves, L. M. and 
                         Ronchail, J. and Lavado-Casimiro, J. W. and Ramos, I. and Davila, 
                         C. and Ramos, A. M. and Diniz, F. A. and Aliaga-Nestares, V. and 
                         Castro, A. Y. and Stella, J. L. and Aldeco, L. S. and Diaz, D. A. 
                         Campos and Misevicius, N. and Mekonnen, A. and Kabidi, K. and 
                         Sayouri, A. and ElKharrim, M. and Mostafa, A. E. and Hagos, S. and 
                         Feng, Z. and Ijampy, J. A. and Sima, F. and Francis, S. D. and 
                         Tsidu, G. Mengistu and Kruger, A. C. and McBride, C. and Jumaux, 
                         G. and Dhurmea, K. R. and Belmont, M. and Rakotoarimalala, C. L. 
                         and Labbe, L. and Rosner, B. and Benedict, I. and Van Heerwaarden, 
                         C. and Weerts, A. and Hazeleger, W. and Bissolli, P. and Trachte, 
                         K. and Zhu, Z. and Zhang, P. and Lee, T. C. and Ripaldi, A. and 
                         Mochizuki, Y. and Lim, J. -Y and Oyunjargal, L. and Timbal, B. and 
                         Srivastava, A. K. and Revadekar, J. V. and Rajeevan, M. and 
                         Shimpo, A. and Khoshkam, M. and Kazemi, A. Fazl and Zeyaeyan, S. 
                         and Ganter, C. and Lander, M. A. and McGree, S. and Tobin, S. and 
                         Bettio, L.",
          affiliation = "NOAA, NESDIS, Natl Ctr Environm Informat Asheville, Asheville, NC 
                         28801 USA. and NOAA, NESDIS Natl Centers Environm Informat, 
                         Asheville, NC USA. and Met Off Hadley Ctr, Exeter, Devon, England. 
                         and {} and European Commiss, Joint Res Ctr, Knowledge Management 
                         Sustainable Dev \& Food Secur, Ispra, Italy. and {} and {} and 
                         European Ctr Med Range Weather Forecasts, NCAS Climate, Reading, 
                         Berks, England. and {} and {} and Univ Reading, Dept Meteorol, 
                         Reading, Berks, England. and Dundalk Inst Technol, Dundalk, 
                         Ireland. and Univ Reading, Dept Meteorol, Reading, Berks, 
                         England.; Univ Reading, Natl Ctr Earth Observat, Reading, Berks, 
                         England. and Univ Innsbruck, Res Dept Limnol Mondsee, Innsbruck, 
                         Austria. and Marine Inst, Newport, Ireland. and King Cty Water \& 
                         Land Resources Div, Seattle, WA USA. and Freshwater Ctr Finnish 
                         Environm Inst SYKE, Helsinki, Finland. and Nicolaus Copernicus 
                         Univ, Dept Hydrol \& Water Management, Torun, Poland. and Ctr 
                         Ecol \& Hydrol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. and Ontario 
                         Minist Environm \& Climate Change, Dorset Environm Sci Ctr, 
                         Dorset, ON, Canada. and {} and Univ Calif Davis, Tahoe Environm 
                         Res Ctr, Davis, CA 95616 USA. and Swiss Fed Inst Aquat Sci \& 
                         Technol, Eawag, Kastanienbaum, Switzerland. and {} and Univ Calif 
                         Davis, Tahoe Environm Res Ctr, Davis, CA 95616 USA. and Uppsala 
                         Univ, Dept Ecol \& Genet Limnol, Uppsala, Sweden. and {} and 
                         Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Barcelona, Spain. and Univ Alabama, 
                         Huntsville, AL 35899 USA. and {} and {} and Univ Vienna, Dept 
                         Meteorol \& Geophys, Vienna, Austria. and Lawrence Livermore Natl 
                         Lab, Livermore, CA 94550 USA. and Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, POB 
                         3000, Boulder, CO 80307 USA. and WSL Inst Snow \& Avalanche Res 
                         SLF, Davos, Switzerland. and Alfred Wegener Inst Helmholtz Ctr 
                         Polar \& Marine, Potsdam, Germany. and Univ Ctr Svalbard, Geol 
                         Dept, Longyearbyen, Norway. and {} and Inst Geog Alpine, Grenoble, 
                         France. and {} and Univ Lisbon, CEG IGOT, Lisbon, Portugal. and 
                         Cold \& Arid Regions Environm \& Engn Res Inst, Lanzhou, Gansu, 
                         Peoples R China. and {} and Rutgers State Univ, Dept Geog, 
                         Piscataway, NJ USA. and Nichols Coll, Dudley, MA USA. and Natl 
                         Oceanog Ctr, Southampton, Hants, England. and NASA, Global 
                         Modeling \& Assimilat Off, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, 
                         MD USA. and European Ctr Med Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, 
                         Berks, England. and {} and {} and Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne 
                         Paris Cite, Inst Phys Globe Paris, Paris, France. and NOAA, Ctr 
                         Satellite Applicat \& Res, College Pk, MD USA. and {} and {} and 
                         Univ Maryland, College Pk, MD 20742 USA. and {} and Deutsch 
                         Wetterdienst, Global Precipitat Climatol Ctr, Offenbach, Germany. 
                         and ERT Inc, NOAA, NESDIS, Natl Centers Environm Informat, 
                         Asheville, NC USA. and Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, C3WE, Boulder, CO 
                         USA. and Newcastle Univ, Sch Engn, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne \& 
                         Wear, England. and NASA, Global Modeling \& Assimilat Off, 
                         Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA. and NOAA, NESDIS Natl 
                         Ctr Environm Informat, Asheville, NC USA. and Deutsch 
                         Wetterdienst, Global Precipitat Climatol Ctr, Offenbach, Germany. 
                         and NASA, GSFC, Global Modeling \& Assimilat, Greenbelt, MD USA. 
                         and {} and Univ Wisconsin, Space Sci \& Engn Ctr, Cooperat Inst 
                         Meteorol Satellite Studies, Madison, WI USA. and Univ Illinois, 
                         Champaign, IL USA. and Univ Wisconsin, Space Sci \& Engn Ctr, 
                         Cooperat Inst Meteorol Satellite Studies, Madison, WI USA. and 
                         Univ Wisconsin, NOAA, NESDIS, STAR, Madison, WI USA. and {} and 
                         Univ Wisconsin, Dept Atmospher \& Ocean Sci, Madison, WI USA.; 
                         Environm \& Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada. and Univ 
                         Wisconsin, Space Sci \& Engn Ctr, Madison, WI USA. and Deutsch 
                         Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany. and {} and Univ Tokyo, Inst Ind 
                         Sci, Tokyo, Japan. and {} and NASA, Hydrol Sci Lab, Goddard Space 
                         Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA.; Univ Maryland, Earth Syst Sci 
                         Interdisciplinary Ctr, College Pk, MD USA. and Univ Saskatchewan, 
                         Sch Environm \& Sustainabil, Global Inst Water Secur, Saskatoon, 
                         SK, Canada.; Univ Saskatchewan, Dept Geog \& Planning, Saskatoon, 
                         SK, Canada. and {} and {} and {} and Earth Observat Data Ctr Water 
                         Resources Monitorin, Vienna, Austria. and {} and Katholieke Univ 
                         Leuven, Dept Earth \& Environm Sci, Heverlee, Belgium. and Earth 
                         Observat Data Ctr Water Resources Monitorin, Vienna, Austria. and 
                         VanderSat BV, Haarlem, Netherlands. and TU Wien Vienna Univ 
                         Technol, Dept Geodesy \& Geoinformat, Vienna, Austria. and 
                         Pontificia Univ Catolica Valparaiso, Inst Geog, Valparaiso, Chile. 
                         and {} and Univ East Anglia, NCAS, Norwich, Norfolk, England.; 
                         Univ East Anglia, Sch Environm Sci, Climat Res Unit, Norwich, 
                         Norfolk, England. and {} and {} and {} and {} and Princeton Univ, 
                         Dept Civil \& Environm Engn, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA. and Vrije 
                         Univ Amsterdam, Dept Earth Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands. and 
                         Estellus, Paris, France. and King Abdullah Univ Sci \& Technol, 
                         Div Biol \& Environm Sci \& Engn, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. and 
                         Princeton Univ, Dept Civil \& Environm Engn, Princeton, NJ 08544 
                         USA. and Univ Reading, Reading, Berks, England.; Met Off Hadley 
                         Ctr, Exeter, Devon, England. and Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, 
                         Reg Climate Grp, Gothenburg, Sweden.; Spanish Natl Res Council, 
                         Ctr Invest Desertificac, Moncada, Valencia, Spain. and Remote 
                         Sensing Syst, Santa Rosa, CA USA. and CSIRO Land \& Water, 
                         Canberra, ACT, Australia.; Australian Res Council, Ctr Excellence 
                         Climate Extremes, Sydney, NSW, Australia. and European Ctr Med 
                         Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, England. and {} and 
                         European Ctr Med Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, England. 
                         and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and Sci Syst \& Applicat Inc, 
                         Hampton, VA USA. and {} and NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, 
                         CO USA. and NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO 80309 USA. 
                         and NOAA, OAR, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA. and Univ 
                         Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.; 
                         NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO 80309 USA. and {} and 
                         NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO 80309 USA. and {} and 
                         UPMC, CNRS, Inst Pierre Simon Laplace, Paris, France. and Univ 
                         Reading, Reading, Berks, England. and European Ctr Med Range 
                         Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, England. and European Ctr Med 
                         Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, England. and European Ctr 
                         Med Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, England. and Sorbonne 
                         Univ, Paris, France. and Univ Bremen, Bremen, Germany. and Deutsch 
                         Wetterdienst DWD, Hohenpeissenberg, Germany. and Univ Bremen, 
                         Bremen, Germany. and {} and NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, 
                         Greenbelt, MD USA.; Sci Syst \& Applicat Inc, Lanham, MD USA. and 
                         Hampton Univ, Dept Atmospher \& Planetary Sci, Hampton, VA 23668 
                         USA. and German Aerosp Ctr DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Wessling, 
                         Germany. and {} and Univ Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada. and 
                         Environm \& Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada. and 
                         CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA USA. and {} and {} and German 
                         Aerosp Ctr DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Wessling, Germany. and {} and {} 
                         and FMI, Helsinki, Finland. and {} and {} and Univ Maryland, 
                         ESSIC, College Pk, MD 20742 USA. and Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst 
                         Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.; NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res 
                         Lab, Boulder, CO USA. and {} and {} and NASA, Univ Space Res 
                         Assoc, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA. and {} and 
                         Morgan State Univ, Goddard Earth Sci Technol \& Res, Baltimore, 
                         MD 21239 USA. and Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, 
                         Boulder, CO 80309 USA.; NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO 
                         USA. and European Ctr Med Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, 
                         England. and European Ctr Med Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, 
                         Berks, England. and Joint Res Ctr, European Commiss, Ispra, Italy. 
                         and Max Planck Inst Chem, Mainz, Germany.; Deutsch Wetterdienst, 
                         Offenbach, Germany. and Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Fac Earth \& Life 
                         Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands. and Univ Birmingham, Birmingham Inst 
                         Forest Res, Birmingham, W Midlands, England. and Woodland Trust, 
                         Grantham, England. and Boston Univ, Dept Earth \& Environm, 
                         Boston, MA 02215 USA. and {} and {} and Poznan Univ Life Sci, 
                         Poznan, Poland. and Ctr Ecol \& Hydrol, Lancaster, England. and 
                         {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} 
                         and NOAA, NESDIS Natl Cts Environm Informat, Silver Spring, MD 
                         USA. and Nanjing Univ Informat Sci \& Technol, ICAR, KLME, 
                         ILCEC,CIC,FEMD, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.; Chinese Acad 
                         Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Int Ctr Climate \& Environm Sci, 
                         Beijing, Peoples R China. and Univ Tasmania, Antarct Climate \& 
                         Ecosyst Cooperat Res Ctr, Inst Marine \& Antarct Studies, Hobart, 
                         Tas, Australia.; Australian Res Council, Ctr Excellence Climate 
                         Syst Sci, Hobart, Tas, Australia. and Univ Calif San Diego, 
                         Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA. and Japan Meteorol 
                         Agcy, Meteorol Res Inst, Climate Res Dept, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 
                         Japan. and {} and CSIRO Oceans \& Atmosphere, Hobart, Tas, 
                         Australia. and {} and {} and {} and {} and Woods Hole Oceanog 
                         Inst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA. and {} and NASA, Langley Res Ctr, 
                         Hampton, VA 23665 USA. and {} and Univ Hawaii, Joint Inst Marine 
                         \& Atmospher Res, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA. and {} and {} and {} 
                         and Univ S Florida, Coll Marine Sci, St Petersburg, FL 33701 USA. 
                         and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and 
                         NOAA, OAR, AOML, Miami, FL USA. and Florida Commercial Watermens 
                         Conservat, Matlacha, FL USA. and {} and Earth \& Space Res, 
                         Seattle, WA USA. and NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 
                         USA. and NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA.; Univ 
                         Space Res Assoc, Columbia, MD USA. and {} and Univ Calif Santa 
                         Barbara, Earth Res Inst, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA.; Univ Calif 
                         Santa Barbara, Dept Geog, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA. and {} and 
                         NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO 80309 USA. and {} and 
                         Univ Washington, Joint Inst Study Atmosphere \& Ocean, Seattle, 
                         WA 98195 USA.; NOAA, OAR, Pacific Marine Environm Lab, Seattle, WA 
                         USA. and {} and {} and NOAA, OAR Pacific Marine Environm Lab 
                         Seattle, Seattle, WA USA. and Univ Santiago de Compostela, Technol 
                         Res Inst, Lab Syst, Campus Univ Sur, Santiago De Compostela, 
                         Spain. and NOAA, NWS Climate Predict Ctr, College Pk, MD USA. and 
                         {} and NOAA, NWS Climate Predict Ctr, College Pk, MD USA. and {} 
                         and Greater Wellington Reg Council, Wellington, New Zealand. and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and Univ 
                         Hawaii, Dept Atmospher Sci, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.; Univ Hawaii, 
                         IPRC, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA. and Nanjing Univ Informat Sci \& 
                         Technol, Earth Syst Modeling Ctr, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R 
                         China. and NOAA, OAR Air Resources Lab, College Pk, MD USA. and 
                         North Carolina State Univ, CICS NC, Asheville, NC USA. and NOAA, 
                         NWS Climate Predict Ctr, College Pk, MD USA. and NOAA, NWS Natl 
                         Hurricane Ctr, Miami, FL USA. and {} and {} and NOAA, OAR, AOML 
                         Hurricane Res Div, Miami, FL USA. and {} and Colorado State Univ, 
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                         Carolina State Univ, CICS NC, Asheville, NC USA. and Columbia 
                         Univ, Lamont Doherty Earth Observ, Palisades, NY USA. and {} and 
                         {} and Natl Inst Water \& Atmospher Res Ltd, Auckland, New 
                         Zealand. and {} and {} and {} and Natl Taiwan Univ, Taipei, 
                         Taiwan. and NOAA, OAR, AOML, Miami, FL USA. and {} and {} and Natl 
                         Snow \& Ice Data Ctr, Boulder, CO USA. and USACE, Erdc, Cold 
                         Regions Res \& Engn Lab, Hanover, NH USA. and {} and Univ 
                         Lincoln, Sch Geog, Lincoln, NE USA.; Univ Lincoln, Lincoln Ctr 
                         Water \& Planetary Hlth, Lincoln, NE USA. and Norwegian Meteorol 
                         Inst, Oslo, Norway. and Korea Polar Res Inst, Incheon, South 
                         Korea. and {} and {} and Univ Alaska, Geophys Inst, Fairbanks, AK 
                         99701 USA. and Yale Univ, New Haven, CT USA. and {} and Dartmouth 
                         Coll, Thayer Sch Engn, Hanover, NH 03755 USA. and Univ Colorado, 
                         Natl Snow \& Ice Data Ctr, Boulder, CO 80309 USA. and Univ 
                         Colorado, Aerosp Engn Sci, Boulder, CO USA. and Univ Maryland, 
                         NOAA, Earth Syst Sci Interdisciplinary Ctr, College Pk, MD 20742 
                         USA. and Helmholtz Ctr Polar \& Marine Res, Alfred Wegener Inst, 
                         Bremerhaven, Germany. and Fram Ctr, Norwegian Polar Inst, Tromso, 
                         Norway. and Helmholtz Ctr Polar \& Marine Res, Alfred Wegener 
                         Inst, Bremerhaven, Germany. and Helmholtz Ctr Polar \& Marine 
                         Res, Alfred Wegener Inst, Bremerhaven, Germany. and {} and {} and 
                         {} and NOAA, Pacific Marine Environm Lab, 7600 Sand Point Way Ne, 
                         Seattle, WA 98115 USA. and Columbia Univ, Lamont Doherty Earth 
                         Observ, Palisades, NY USA. and Geol Survey Denmark \& Greenland, 
                         Copenhagen, Denmark. and Danish Meteorol Inst, Copenhagen, 
                         Denmark. and Geol Survey Denmark \& Greenland, Copenhagen, 
                         Denmark. and Univ Liege, Liege, Belgium. and Geol Survey Denmark 
                         \& Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark. and Univ Georgia, Dept Geog, 
                         Athens, GA 30602 USA. and Univ Utrecht, Inst Marine \& Atmospher 
                         Res Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands. and {} and Univ Utrecht, Phys 
                         Geog, Geosci, Utrecht, Netherlands. and {} and {} and {} and 
                         George Washington Univ, Dept Geog, Washington, DC USA. and {} and 
                         {} and Univ Ctr Svalbard, Geol Dept, Longyearbyen, Norway. and 
                         Earth Cryosphere Inst, Tyumen, Russia.; Tyumen State Univ, Tyumen, 
                         Russia. and Tyumen Sci Ctr, Earth Cryosphere Inst, Tyumen, Russia. 
                         and {} and {} and {} and Environm \& Climate Change Canada, 
                         Climate Res Div, Montreal, PQ, Canada. and Environm \& Climate 
                         Change Canada, Climate Res Div, Downsview, ON, Canada. and Finnish 
                         Meteorol Inst, Helsinki, Finland. and Ctr Natl Rech Meteorol, 
                         Toulouse, France. and Woods Hole Res Ctr, Falmouth, MA USA. and 
                         Univ New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 USA. and {} and {} and Univ 
                         Texas Austin, Inst Marine Sci, Port Aransas, TX USA. and Florida 
                         State Univ, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA. and Univ Alberta, Edmonton, 
                         AB, Canada. and Univ Virginia, Dept Environm Sci, Clark Hall, 
                         Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA. and {} and Univ Alaska Fairbanks, 
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                         Arctic Ctr, Rovaniemi, Finland. and Univ Sheffield, Dept Anim \& 
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                         Dept Earth \& Environm, Boston, MA 02215 USA. and No Arizona 
                         Univ, Sch Informat Comp \& Cyber Syst, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA. 
                         and Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Beijing, Peoples R 
                         China. and Biospher Inc, San Diego, CA USA. and Environm \& 
                         Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada. and Forschungszentrum 
                         Julich, Julich, Germany. and {} and Norwegian Radiat \& Nucl 
                         Safety, Osteras, Norway. and Arctic Res Ctr, Finnish Meteorol 
                         Inst, Sodankyla, Finland. and NorthWest Res Associates, Socorro, 
                         NM USA.; New Mexico Inst Min \& Technol, Socorro, NM 87801 USA. 
                         and {} and {} and {} and Rutgers State Univ, Inst Earth Ocean \& 
                         Atmospher Sci, New Brunswick, NJ USA. and Argentine Naval Hydrog 
                         Serv, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina. and Ohio Univ, Dept Geog, 
                         Athens, OH 45701 USA. and British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, 
                         England. and {} and {} and Antarctic Climate \& Ecosyst Cooperat 
                         Res Ctr, Hobart, Tas, Australia. and Univ Tasmania, Australian 
                         Antarctic Div, Hobart, Tas, Australia.; Univ Tasmania, Antarctic 
                         Climate \& Ecosyst Cooperat Res Ctr, Hobart, Tas, Australia. and 
                         Univ Tasmania, Antarct Climate \& Ecosystems Cooperat Res Ctr, 
                         Hobart, Tas, Australia.; Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine \& Antarct 
                         Studies, Hobart, Tas, Australia. and {} and Univ Paris, Sorbonne 
                         Univ, UPMC, LOCEAN IPSL, Paris, France. and {} and Monterey Bay 
                         Aquarium Res Inst, Moss Landing, CA USA. and {} and Univ Cape 
                         Town, Dept Oceanog, Rondebosch, South Africa. and {} and {} and {} 
                         and {} and Argentine Naval Hydrog Serv, Buenos Aires, DF, 
                         Argentina. and UMBC, JET, NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Code 
                         615, Greenbelt, MD USA. and {} and {} and {} and {} and {} and 
                         Univ Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 USA. and {} and CALTECH, NASA, 
                         Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA USA. and {} and {} and NASA, Sci Syst 
                         \& Applicat Inc, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA. and 
                         Royal Netherlands Meteorol Inst KNMI, De Bilt, Netherlands. and 
                         WMO RA VI Reg Climate Ctr Network, Deutsch Westterdienst, 
                         Offenbach, Germany. and Bur Meteorol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia. 
                         and Univ Hawaii, Dept Atmospher Sci, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA. and 
                         North Carolina A\&T State Univ, Dept Phys, Greensboro, NC USA. 
                         and {} and NOAA, NESDIS Natl Centers Environm Informat, Asheville, 
                         NC USA. and {} and NOAA, NESDIS Natl Centers Environm Informat, 
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                         Norman, OK USA. and Desert Res Inst, Western Reg Climate Ctr, 
                         Reno, NV USA. and Desert Res Inst, Western Reg Climate Ctr, Reno, 
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                         Costa Rica, Ctr Geophys Res, San Jose, Costa Rica.; Univ Costa 
                         Rica, Sch Phys, San Jose, Costa Rica. and Univ Costa Rica, Ctr 
                         Geophys Res, San Jose, Costa Rica.; Univ Costa Rica, Sch Phys, San 
                         Jose, Costa Rica. and Univ Costa Rica, Ctr Geophys Res, San Jose, 
                         Costa Rica.; Univ Costa Rica, Sch Phys, San Jose, Costa Rica. and 
                         Univ Costa Rica, Ctr Geophys Res, San Jose, Costa Rica. and {} and 
                         {} and {} and Caribbean Inst Meteorol \& Hydrol, Bridgetown, 
                         Barbados. and {} and Univ West Indies, Dept Phys, Kingston, 
                         Jamaica. and Univ West Indies, Dept Phys, Kingston, Jamaica. and 
                         Meteorol Serv, Kingston, Jamaica. and {} and Inst Hidrol Meteorol 
                         \& Estudios Ambient Colombia, Bogota, Colombia. and {} and Inst 
                         Nacl Meteorol \& Hidrol Venezuela INAMEH, Caracas, Venezuela. and 
                         Inst Nacl Meteorol \& Hidrol Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador. and {} and 
                         {} and {} and Inst Geofis Peru, Lima, Peru.; Univ Grenoble Alpes, 
                         Grenoble, France. and Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Ctr 
                         Ciencias Sistema Terrestre, Sao Paulo, Brazil. and Univ Paris 
                         Diderot, Lab LOCEAN IPSL, Paris, France. and {} and {} and Serv 
                         Nacl Meteorol \& Hidrol Peru, Lima, Peru. and Inst Nacl Meteorol, 
                         Brasilia, DF, Brazil. and {} and Serv Nacl Meteorol \& Hidrol 
                         Peru, Lima, Peru. and Serv Nacl Meteorol \& Hidrol Peru, Lima, 
                         Peru. and {} and Serv Meteorol Nacl, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina. 
                         and Direcc Meteorol Chile, Santiago, Chile. and {} and North 
                         Carolina A\&T State Univ, Dept Phys, Greensboro, NC USA. and 
                         Direct Meteorol Natl Maroc, Rabat, Morocco. and {} and Direct 
                         Meteorol Natl Maroc, Rabat, Morocco. and Egyptian Meteorol Author, 
                         Cairo Numer Weather Predict, Dept Seasonal Forecast \& Climate 
                         Res, Cairo, Egypt. and {} and Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, 
                         Atmospher Sci \& Global Change Div, Richland, WA 99352 USA. and 
                         {} and Dept Water Resources, Div Meteorol, Banjul, Gambia. and 
                         Nigerian Meteorol Agcy, Natl Weather Forecasting \& Climate Res 
                         Ctr, Abuja, Nigeria. and Botswana Int Univ Sci \& Technol, Dept 
                         Earth \& Environm Sci, Palapye, Botswana.; Addis Ababa Univ, Dept 
                         Phys, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. and Univ Pretoria, South African 
                         Weather Serv, Pretoria, South Africa.; Univ Pretoria, Dept Geog 
                         Geoinformat \& Meteorol, Pretoria, South Africa. and South 
                         African Weather Serv, Pretoria, South Africa. and {} and Mauritius 
                         Meteorol Serv, Vacoas, Mauritius. and Seychelles Natl Meteorol 
                         Serv, Pointe Larue, Mahe, Seychelles. and Madagascar Meteorol 
                         Serv, Antananarivo, Madagascar. and {} and {} and Wageningen Univ 
                         \& Res, Meteorol \& Air Qual Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands. and 
                         {} and Deltares, Delft, Netherlands.; Wageningen Univ \& Res, 
                         Hydrol \& Quantitat Water Management Grp, Wageningen, 
                         Netherlands. and Netherlands eSci Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.; 
                         Univ Utrecht, Fac Geosci, Amsterdam, Netherlands. and WMO RA VI 
                         Reg Climate Ctr Network, Deutsch Westterdienst, Offenbach, 
                         Germany. and Univ Marburg, Fac Geog, Lab Climatol \& Remote 
                         Sensing, Marburg, Germany. and Nanjing Univ Informat Sci \& 
                         Technol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China. and Beijing Climate 
                         Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China. and Hong Kong Observ, Hong Kong, 
                         Peoples R China. and BMKG, Ctr Climate Change Informat, Climate 
                         Variabil Div, Jakarta, Indonesia. and {} and Korea Meteorol Adm, 
                         Climate Predict Div, Seoul, South Korea. and {} and Singapore 
                         Meteorol Serv, Ctr Climate Res, Singapore, Singapore. and Indian 
                         Meteorol Dept, Pune, Maharashtra, India. and Indian Inst Trop 
                         Meteorol, Pune, Maharashtra, India. and Minist Earth Sci, Earth 
                         Syst Sci Org, New Delhi, India. and Japan Meteorol Agcy, Tokyo 
                         Climate Ctr, Tokyo, Japan. and Islamic Republ Iranian Meteorol 
                         Org, Tehran, Iran. and Islamic Republ Iranian Meteorol Org, 
                         Tehran, Iran. and {} and Bur Meteorol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia. 
                         and Univ Guam, Mangilao, GU USA. and {} and {} and Bur Meteorol, 
                         Melbourne, Vic, Australia.",
                title = "Introduction",
              journal = "Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society",
                 year = "2019",
               volume = "100",
               number = "9",
                pages = "S1+",
                month = "Sep.",
                 issn = "0003-0007",
                label = "isi 2019-10-30 
                         
                         ArndtBDSGWSBMNCWMDEDKMMPRSSVWWKDCPMHCRNBCISSVZSRPBBSMHBZNVAGBYTBBDZCRFDFHSPMSZKRLFSSPRHGKJDBOHSJMMBDJMWAAMMMSHWKSWGLDHMDMEMRBKABBWSAAFACDDFFHLLRRSTWWDRHSVZCFIPKWHGPRRSTMLHKXZHWJLBCDGIKMPWLYJSKWTWLSCHJMMMNKKHGSLDFCKSWFWCLSCTBSBMPCWHDSBBLWGPKKSCTPLDGKLBRODJOHHKWWBTLPMTFHGHKPRWSTBCFFAMSAWRSISSKCDMMJMBDLDHSSTMSTEBRWFPBTKMPGJBFGIJLMMSSCBFCKLRMLMSGJASKMMSCSKNNSLJPSPBCLBGLMSGSFNBMLAHACMSTTVCBSMDMHCZNMEARLRDRDACSADMMKSEMHFISFTKMJDBRLRBVWHBTZZLRMLOTSRRSKKZGLMTB:2019:IN",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "19 abr. 2021"
}


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