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@Article{CastroCavaCastSilv:2019:ReAdMe,
               author = "Castro, Janevane Sil va de and Cavalcante, Arn{\'o}bio de 
                         Mendon{\c{c}}a Barreto and Castro, Valber Jones and Silva, 
                         Emerson Mariano da",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Estadual do Cear{\'a} (UEC)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade Estadual 
                         do Cear{\'a} (UEC)} and {Universidade Estadual do Cear{\'a} 
                         (UEC)}",
                title = "Resposta adaptativa de melipona subnitida ducke e a 
                         termorregula{\c{c}}{\~a}o colonial em diferentes 
                         condi{\c{c}}{\~o}es t{\'e}rmicas no contexto das 
                         mudan{\c{c}}as clim{\'a}ticas",
              journal = "Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia",
                 year = "2019",
               volume = "34",
               number = "3",
                pages = "379--387",
                month = "jul./set.",
             keywords = "janda{\'{\i}}ra, abelha nativa, impacto ambiental, temperatura, 
                         : janda{\'{\i}}ra, native bee, environmental impact, 
                         temperature.",
             abstract = "Efeitos negativos decorrentes do aquecimento do sistema 
                         clim{\'a}tico t{\^e}m sido relatados para diferentes 
                         esp{\'e}cies de abelha. Dada a import{\^a}ncia econ{\^o}mica, 
                         social e ambiental das abelhas, particularmente, para o bioma 
                         Caatinga, necess{\'a}rio se faz conhecer potenciais efeitos 
                         negativos a fim de orientar medidas eficientes de 
                         adapta{\c{c}}{\~a}o desses animais frente {\`a}s 
                         mudan{\c{c}}as clim{\'a}ticas. O objetivo desse estudo foi 
                         identificar efeitos decorrentes do aumento da temperatura externa 
                         sobre a homeostasia e o comportamento das col{\^o}nias de 
                         Melipona subnitida Ducke (janda{\'{\i}}ra). Para tal, 
                         considerou-se dois tratamentos distintos CRDS (Col{\^o}nias 
                         nidificadas recebendo Radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o Direta do Sol) e CNSS 
                         (Col{\^o}nias Nidificadas Sob {\'a}rea Sombreada). O 
                         par{\^a}metro avaliado foi o comportamento forrageiro das 
                         abelhas, al{\'e}m de comparar as temperaturas internas de cada 
                         colmeia com a temperatura exterior. O estudo apontou que as 
                         col{\^o}nias CRDS sofreram redu{\c{c}}{\~a}o consider{\'a}vel 
                         na capacidade defensiva da colmeia, bem como no comportamento 
                         forrageiro de entrada, al{\'e}m de indiciar mais dificuldade na 
                         termorregula{\c{c}}{\~a}o das colmeias e adapta{\c{c}}{\~a}o a 
                         essa condi{\c{c}}{\~a}o, quando comparadas as col{\^o}nias 
                         CNSS. Portanto, parece razo{\'a}vel sugerir que colmeias de 
                         janda{\'{\i}}ra sejam locadas em {\'a}reas de sombreamento 
                         natural perene, como uma medida de ajuste ao aumento da 
                         temperatura ambiente corrente. ABSTRACT: Negative effects of 
                         climate system warming have been reported for different bee 
                         species. Given the economic, social and environmental importance 
                         of bees, particularly for the Caatinga biome, it is necessary to 
                         know potential negative effects in order to guide efficient 
                         measures of adaptation of these animals to the climatic changes. 
                         The objective of this study was to identify effects arising from 
                         the increase of external temperature on homeostasis and the 
                         behavior of the colonies of Melipona subnitida Ducke 
                         (janda{\'{\i}}ra). For this, two different treatments were 
                         considered CRDS (Nesting colonies receiving Direct Radiation from 
                         the Sun - Portuguese acronym) and CNSS (Nested Colonies Under 
                         Shaded Area - Portuguese acronym). The evaluated parameter was the 
                         forage behavior of the bees, besides comparing the internal 
                         temperatures of each beehive with the outside temperature. The 
                         study pointed out that the CRDS colonies suffered a considerable 
                         reduction in the defensive capacity of the hive, as well as in the 
                         entrance fodder behavior, besides indicating more difficulty in 
                         the thermoregulation of the hives and adaptation to this 
                         condition, when compared to the CNSS colonies. Therefore, it seems 
                         reasonable to suggest that janda{\'{\i}}ra hives are leased in 
                         areas of natural perennial shading, as a measure of adjustment to 
                         the increase in the current ambient temperature.",
                  doi = "10.1590/0102-7786343050",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-7786343050",
                 issn = "0102-7786",
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "castro_resposta.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "12 abr. 2021"
}


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