author = "Wang, Yunxia and Ziv, Guy and Adami, Marcos and Almeida, 
                         Cl{\'a}udio Aparecido de and Antunes, Jo{\~a}o Francisco 
                         Gon{\c{c}}alves and Coutinho, Alexandre Camargo and Esquerdo, 
                         J{\'u}lio C{\'e}sar Dalla Mora and Gomes, Alessandra Rodrigues 
                         and {Galbraith } and , David",
          affiliation = "{University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa 
                         Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa 
                         Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa 
                         Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {University of Leeds}",
                title = "Upturn in secondary forest clearing buffers primary forest loss in 
                         the Brazilian Amazon",
              journal = "Nature Sustentability",
                 year = "2020",
               volume = "3",
               number = "4",
                pages = "290--295",
                month = "Apr.",
             abstract = "Brazil contains two-thirds of remaining Amazonian rainforests and 
                         is responsible for the most Amazon forest loss. Primary forest 
                         loss in the Brazilian Amazon has declined considerably since 2004 
                         but secondary forest loss has never been quantified. We use a 
                         recently developed high-resolution land use/land cover dataset to 
                         track secondary forests in the Brazilian Amazon over 14 yr, 
                         providing the first estimates of secondary forest loss for the 
                         region. We find that secondary forest loss increased by (187 +/- 
                         48)% from 2008 to 2014. Moreover, the proportion of total forest 
                         loss accounted for by secondary forests rose from (37 +/- 3)% in 
                         2000 to (72 +/- 5)% in 2014. The recent acceleration in secondary 
                         forests loss occurred across the entire region and was not driven 
                         simply by increasing secondary forest area but probably a 
                         conscious preferential shift towards clearance of a 
                         little-protected forest ecosystem (secondary forests). Our results 
                         suggest that secondary forests loss has eased deforestation 
                         pressure on primary forests. However, this has been at the expense 
                         of a lost carbon sequestration opportunity of 2.59-2.66 Pg C over 
                         our study period. Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon affects 
                         both older (primary) and younger (secondary) forests. This study 
                         finds that most forest loss over the period 2008-2014 was from 
                         secondary forests and that the almost 190% rise in deforestation 
                         buffered losses from primary forests.",
                  doi = "10.1038/s41893-019-0470-4",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0470-4",
                 issn = "2398-9629",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "wang_upturn.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "16 jan. 2021"