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@InProceedings{CamposOelPere:2020:PeCaSt,
               author = "Campos, Erica Ferraz de Campos and van Oel, Pieter and Pereira, 
                         Enio Bueno",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Wageningen 
                         University} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)}",
                title = "Solar energy and the water, energy and food nexus: 
                         Petrolina-Juazeiro case study, Brazil",
                 year = "2020",
         organization = "EGU General Assembly",
             abstract = "Water, energy and food are essential resources for society. Their 
                         integrated management, based on synergies and trade-offs, is 
                         determinant to attend the demand in long-term. Petrolina and 
                         Juazeiro are cities in Brazilian semiarid where coexist: the 
                         Sobradinho hydropower (4,214 km reservoir) and a fruit production 
                         center of 223 km, for Brazilian and international markets. Both 
                         activities depend on S{\~a}o Francisco River and Sobradinho 
                         reservoir. Although the water demand from Sobradinho Reservoir is 
                         intense around 1 billion m, hydropower generation prevailed as a 
                         priority during the dry period 2012-2017. As the National Water 
                         Agency (ANA) maintained the reservoir outflow in rates above the 
                         water stream inflow, the reservoir was led to its minimum levels. 
                         The water scarcity during these years caused conflicts as it 
                         reduced hydroelectricity generation while put in risk the fruit 
                         production. Since solar irradiation is abundant in this region, 
                         solar power plants is figuring as a renewable energy alternative 
                         for the national grid. An increasing number of solar projects in 
                         this region are being approved in national auctions of electric 
                         energy expansion. Moreover, a floating photovoltaic power plant is 
                         already being tested in the Sobradinho reservoir. Therefore, the 
                         research analyses scenarios of water management if floating solar 
                         panels had been adopted in complementarity to hydroelectricity 
                         from 1999 and 2018, when very wet and very dry periods occurred. 
                         The software Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) is used to model 
                         the scenarios. Results are represented in water, energy and food 
                         safety indicators to identify the strategies of integrated 
                         resource management to target SDGs 6, 7 and 12.",
  conference-location = "Online",
      conference-year = "04-08 may",
           targetfile = "EGU2020-19152-print.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "22 abr. 2021"
}


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