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@Article{CapistranoNVTSBSLFBKRGVN:2020:AsPeCl,
               author = "Capistrano, Vinicius Buscioli and Nobre, Paulo and Veiga, Sandro 
                         Miguel Ferreira and Tedeschi, Renata and Silva, Josiane and 
                         Bottino, Marcus and Silva J{\'u}nior, Manoel Baptista da and 
                         Leandro, Menezes Otac{\'{\i}}lio and Figueroa, Silvio Nilo and 
                         Bonatti, Jos{\'e} Paulo and Kubota, Paulo Yoshio and Reyes 
                         Fernandez, Julio Pablo and Giarolla, Emanuel and Vial, Jessica and 
                         Nobre, Carlos Afonso",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Universidade do Estado do Amazonas (UEA)} and {Centro Nacional de 
                         Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais (CEMADEN)}",
                title = "Assessing the performance of climate change simulation results 
                         from BESM-OA2.5 compared with a CMIP5 model ensemble",
              journal = "Geoscientific Model Development",
                 year = "2020",
               volume = "13",
               number = "5",
                pages = "2277--2296",
                month = "May",
             abstract = "The main features of climate change patterns, as simulated by the 
                         coupled oceanatmosphere version 2.5 of the Brazilian Earth System 
                         Model (BESM), are compared with those of 25 other CMIP5 models, 
                         focusing on temperature, precipitation, atmospheric circulation, 
                         and radiative feedbacks. The climate sensitivity to quadrupling 
                         the atmospheric CO2 concentration was investigated via two 
                         methods: linear regression (Gregory et al., 2004) and radiative 
                         kernels (Soden and Held, 2006; Soden et al., 2008). Radiative 
                         kernels from both the National Center for Atmospheric Research 
                         (NCAR) and the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) were 
                         used to decompose the climate feedback responses of the CMIP5 
                         models and BESM into different processes. By applying the linear 
                         regression method for equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) 
                         estimation, we obtained a BESM value close to the ensemble mean 
                         value. This study reveals that the BESM simulations yield zonally 
                         average feedbacks, as estimated from radiative kernels, that lie 
                         within the ensemble standard deviation. Exceptions were found in 
                         the high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere and over the ocean 
                         near Antarctica, where BESM showed values for lapse rate, humidity 
                         feedback, and albedo that were marginally outside the standard 
                         deviation of the values from the CMIP5 multi-model ensemble. For 
                         those areas, BESM also featured a strong positive cloud feedback 
                         that appeared as an outlier compared with all analyzed models. 
                         However, BESM showed physically consistent changes in the 
                         temperature, precipitation, and atmospheric circulation patterns 
                         relative to the CMIP5 ensemble mean.",
                  doi = "10.5194/gmd-13-2277-2020",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-2277-2020",
                 issn = "1991-959X",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "capistrano_assessing.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "27 jan. 2021"
}


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