author = "Silva J{\'u}nior, Celso Henrique Leite and Arag{\~a}o, Luiz 
                         Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de and Anderson, Liana O. and Fonseca, 
                         Marisa Gesteira and Shimabukuro, Yosio Edemir and Vancutsem, 
                         Christelle and Achard, Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric and Beuchle, Ren{\'e} 
                         and Numata, Izaya and Silva, Carlos A. and Maeda, Eduardo E. and 
                         Longo, Marcos and Saatchi, Sassan S.",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Centro Nacional de 
                         Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais (CEMADEN)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Joint Research Centre 
                         (JRC)} and {Joint Research Centre (JRC)} and {Joint Research 
                         Centre (JRC)} and {South Dakota State University} and {University 
                         of Florida} and {University of Helsinki} and {California Institute 
                         of Technology} and {California Institute of Technology}",
                title = "Persistent collapse of biomass in Amazonian forest edges following 
                         deforestation leads to unaccounted carbon losses",
              journal = "Science Advances",
                 year = "2020",
               volume = "6",
               number = "40",
                month = "Sept",
             abstract = "Deforestation is the primary driver of carbon losses in tropical 
                         forests, but it does not operate alone. Forest fragmentation, a 
                         resulting feature of the deforestation process, promotes indirect 
                         carbon losses induced by edge effect. This process is not 
                         implicitly considered by policies for reducing carbon emissions in 
                         the tropics. Here, we used a remote sensing approach to estimate 
                         carbon losses driven by edge effect in Amazonia over the 2001 to 
                         2015 period. We found that carbon losses associated with edge 
                         effect (947 Tg C) corresponded to one-third of losses from 
                         deforestation (2592 Tg C). Despite a notable negative trend of 7 
                         Tg C year\−1 in carbon losses from deforestation, the 
                         carbon losses from edge effect remained unchanged, with an average 
                         of 63 ▒ 8 Tg C year\−1. Carbon losses caused by edge effect 
                         is thus an additional unquantified flux that can counteract carbon 
                         emissions avoided by reducing deforestation, compromising the 
                         Paris Agreement's bold targets.",
                  doi = "10.1126/sciadv.aaz8360",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aaz8360",
                 issn = "2375-2548",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "silva junior_persistent.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "16 jan. 2021"