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@Article{BolfeJSLCVIGFR:2020:AdTePe,
               author = "Bolfe, {\'E}dson Luis and Jorge, L{\'u}cio Andr{\'e} de Castro 
                         and Sanches, Ieda Del'Arco and Luchiari J{\'u}nior, Ariovaldo and 
                         Costa, Cinthia Cabral da and Victoria, Daniel de Castro and 
                         Inamasu, Ricardo Yassushi and Grego, C{\'e}lia Regina and 
                         Ferreira, Victor Rodrigues and Ramirez, Andrea Restrepo",
          affiliation = "{Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and 
                         {Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Empresa 
                         Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Empresa 
                         Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Empresa 
                         Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Empresa 
                         Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Empresa 
                         Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Unidade 
                         de Competitividade do Sebrae Nacional} and {Unidade de 
                         Competitividade do Sebrae Nacional}",
                title = "Precision and digital agriculture: Adoption of technologies and 
                         perception of Brazilian farmers",
              journal = "Agriculture (Switzerland)",
                 year = "2020",
               volume = "10",
               number = "12",
                pages = "e653",
                month = "Dec.",
             keywords = "agriculture 4.0, smart farming, farmerís attitudes, Brazil.",
             abstract = "The rapid population growth has driven the demand for more food, 
                         fiber, energy, and water, which is associated to an increase in 
                         the need to use natural resources in a more sustainable way. The 
                         use of precision agriculture machinery and equipment since the 
                         1990s has provided important productive gains and maximized the 
                         use of agricultural inputs. The growing connectivity in the rural 
                         environment, in addition to its greater integration with data from 
                         sensor systems, remote sensors, equipment, and smartphones have 
                         paved the way for new concepts from the so-called Agriculture 4.0 
                         or Digital Agriculture. This article presents the results of a 
                         survey carried out with 504 Brazilian farmers about the digital 
                         technologies in use, as well as current and future applications, 
                         perceived benefits, and challenges. The questionnaire was 
                         prepared, organized, and made available to the public through the 
                         online platform LimeSurvey and was available from 17 April to 2 
                         June 2020. The primary data obtained for each question previously 
                         defined were consolidated and analyzed statistically. The results 
                         indicate that 84% of the interviewed farmers use at least one 
                         digital technology in their production system that differs 
                         according to technological complexity level. The main perceived 
                         benefit refers to the perception of increased productivity and the 
                         main challenges are the acquisition costs of machines, equipment, 
                         software, and connectivity. It is also noteworthy that 95% of 
                         farmers would like to learn more about new technologies to 
                         strengthen the agricultural development in their properties.",
                  doi = "10.3390/agriculture10120653",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10120653",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "Bolfe_precision.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "11 abr. 2021"
}


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