author = "Paugam, R. and Wooster, Martin and Freitas, Saulo Ribeiro de and 
                         Val Martin, M.",
          affiliation = "{King’s College London} and {King’s College London} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Colorado State 
                title = "A review of approaches to estimate wildfire plume injection height 
                         within large scale atmospheric chemical transport models - Part 
              journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussion",
                 year = "2015",
               volume = "15",
               number = "6",
                pages = "9767--9813",
             abstract = "Landscape fires produce smoke containing a very wide variety of 
                         chemical species, both gases and aerosols. For larger, more 
                         intense fires that produce the greatest amounts of emissions per 
                         unit time, the smoke tends initially to be transported vertically 
                         or semi-vertically close by the source region, driven by the 
                         intense heat and convective energy released by the burning 
                         vegetation. The column of hot smoke rapidly entrains cooler 
                         ambient air, forming a rising plume within which the fire 
                         emissions are transported. This characteristics of this plume, and 
                         in particular the height to which it rises before releasing the 
                         majority of the smoke burden into the wider atmosphere, are 
                         important in terms of how the fire emissions are ultimately 
                         transported, since for example winds at different altitudes maybe 
                         quite different. This difference in atmospheric transport then may 
                         also affect the longevity, chemical conversion and fate of the 
                         plumes chemical consituents, with for example very high plume 
                         injection heights being associated with extreme long-range 
                         atmospheric transport. Here we review how such landscape-scale 
                         fire smoke plume injection heights are represented in larger scale 
                         atmospheric transport models aiming to represent the impacts of 
                         wildfire emissions on component of the Earth system. The use of 
                         satellite Earth observation (EO) data is commonly used for this, 
                         and detail the EO datasets capable of being used to remotely 
                         assess wildfire plume height distributions and the driving 
                         characteristics of the causal fires. We also discus both the 
                         physical mechanisms and dynamics taking place in fire plumes, and 
                         investigate the efficiency and limitations of currently available 
                         injection height parameterizations. Finally, we conclude by 
                         suggestion some future parameterization developments and ideas on 
                         EO data selection that maybe relevant to the instigation of 
                         enhanced methodologies aimed at injection height representation.",
                  doi = "10.5194/acpd-15-9767-2015",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acpd-15-9767-2015",
                 issn = "1680-7367",
                label = "lattes: 9873289111461387 3 PaugamWoosFreiValM:2015:Pa1",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "27 jan. 2021"