author = "Luz, Eduardo F{\'a}vero Pacheco da and Santos, Ariane Frassoni 
                         dos and Freitas, Saulo Ribeiro de and Campos Velho, Haroldo Fraga 
                         de and Grell, Georg",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
                         Administration (NOAA)}",
                title = "Optimization by Firefly with predation for ensemble precipitation 
                         estimation using BRAMS",
              journal = "American Journal of Environmental Engineering",
                 year = "2015",
               volume = "5",
               number = "1A",
                pages = "27--33",
             keywords = "Parameterizations for precipitation, Weighted ensemble, Inverse 
                         problem, Firefly with predation meta-heuristic, Optimization.",
             abstract = "The precipitation is predicted by using a weighted combination of 
                         different convective parameterization schemes. The best prediction 
                         estimation is obtained by calculating the appropriated weights for 
                         the ensemble of parameterizations. The weight identification 
                         process is a type of inverse problem: parameter estimation. The 
                         inverse solution is computed by minimizing the functional of 
                         square difference between observations (measured precipitation) 
                         and precipitation calculated by a mathematical model (BRAMS 
                         model). The optimization problem is solved by a new 
                         meta-heuristic: Firefly algorithm with predation (FAP), where the 
                         best set for ensemble weights is found. The method is applied to 
                         the BRAMS (Brazilian developments on the Regional Atmospheric 
                         Model System) over South America during January 2006.",
                 issn = "2166-4633 and 2166-465X",
                label = "lattes: 9897358688381968 2 LuzSanFreCamGre:2015:OpFiPr",
             language = "en",
                  url = "http://www.sapub.org/journal/articles.aspx?journalid=1125",
        urlaccessdate = "01 dez. 2020"