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@Article{AlthoffMCSSOVS:2016:ClChIm,
               author = "Althoff, Tiago Diniz and Menezes, R{\^o}mulo Sim{\~o}es Cezar 
                         and Carvalho, Andr{\'e} Luiz de and Siqueira Pinto, Alexandre de 
                         and Santiago, Gabriela Ayane Chagas Felipe and Ometto, Jean Pierre 
                         Henry Balbaud and Von Randow, Celso and Sampaio, Everardo 
                         Valadares de S{\'a} Barreto",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)} and {Universidade 
                         Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)} and {Universidade Federal de 
                         Pernambuco (UFPE)} and {Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade Federal de 
                         Pernambuco (UFPE)}",
                title = "Climate change impacts on the sustainability of the firewood 
                         harvest and vegetation and soil carbon stocks in a tropical dry 
                         forest in Santa Teresinha Municipality, Northeast Brazil",
              journal = "Forest Ecology and Management",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "360",
                pages = "367--375",
                month = "Jan.",
             keywords = "Century model, Forest management, CO2 emissions, Biogeochemical 
                         cycling, Semi-arid.",
             abstract = "The Brazilian semi-arid region is characterized by low and erratic 
                         rainfall, high temperatures and high potential evapotranspiration. 
                         The removal of firewood from the native tropical dry forest, 
                         called Caatinga, can negatively impact important ecosystem 
                         services, such as soil conservation, water resources, biodiversity 
                         and atmospheric carbon capture, if performed in an unsustainable 
                         manner. Most global climate models indicate that Caatinga will 
                         experience temperature increases and rainfall decreases in the 
                         next few decades. We used the Century model to simulate the impact 
                         of climate changes on woody vegetation growth and on vegetation 
                         and soil organic carbon stocks in a Caatinga area managed with a 
                         single clear cut or cuts every 10 years, 15 years, and 20 years, 
                         followed or not followed by the burning of plant residues (leaves 
                         and small branches) left after firewood removal. The effects of 
                         future climate projections, (LOW, MIDI and HIGH members of the 
                         climate scenario SRES A1B, which corresponded to different CO2 
                         emission predictions, downscaled by the Eta/CPTEC model), were 
                         compared to those of the projection of the historical climate. 
                         With the current climate, it would take 50 years to regenerate the 
                         Caatinga biomass stock to a level close to that before cutting 
                         after a single cut, followed or not followed by fire. Therefore, 
                         the recommended cutting cycles (1020 years) were not long enough 
                         to allow for the regeneration of a fully mature Caatinga. However, 
                         all of these cycles reached sustainable biomass production levels, 
                         with similar total productions until the end of the century. Under 
                         these conditions, the lower proportions of biomass recovery of 
                         shorter cycles would be compensated by more frequent cutting. The 
                         model also indicated that burning or not burning the residues 
                         would have little effect. On the contrary, if the climate changes 
                         as predicted, the biomass of the native Caatinga vegetation and 
                         soil organic carbon stock would decrease throughout this century, 
                         even without cutting the vegetation. All of the cutting cycles 
                         would not provide sustainable firewood production, with reduced 
                         production after each consecutive cut. Therefore, if the climate 
                         changes as expected, forest management legislation should require 
                         longer periods of forest recovery between cutting cycles for sites 
                         with environmental conditions (e.g., climate, soil and vegetation) 
                         similar to those of the present study.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.foreco.2015.10.001",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.10.001",
                 issn = "0378-1127",
                label = "lattes: 1325667605623244 6 AlthoffMCSSOVS:2015:ClChIm",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "1_althoff.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "30 nov. 2020"
}


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