author = "Marengo, Jos{\'e} A. and Oliveira, Gilvan Sampaio de and Alves, 
                         Lincoln Muniz",
                title = "Climate change scenarios in the Pantanal",
            booktitle = "Dynamics of the Pantanal wetland in South America",
            publisher = "Springer",
                 year = "2016",
               editor = "Bergier, Ivan and Assine, Mario Luis",
                pages = "227--238",
             keywords = "Pantanal, Climate change, Wetland.",
             abstract = "The South America Pantanal is a large floodplain wetland in the 
                         center of the Upper Paraguay River Basin, which has a total area 
                         of around 360,000 km2. Large sectors of the Pantanal floodplain 
                         are submerged from 4 to 8 months each year by water depths from a 
                         few centimeters to more than 2 m. Changes in rainfall and 
                         temperature and also on land use can affect significantly the 
                         flood season with severe consequences for downstream inhabitants. 
                         However, impact of climate change on wetlands is small so far 
                         compared to the damage caused by the lack of management at the 
                         local level due to land-use change. In this chapter we assess 
                         climate and hydrology variability for the present and projections 
                         of climate change using the global climate models from the Fifth 
                         Assessment Report (AR5) from the Intergovernmental Panel on 
                         Climate Change (IPCC). Projections show that by the end of the 
                         century, temperatures can increase up to 7C and rainfall can 
                         decrease in both summer and particularly winter. The possibility 
                         of longer dry spells and increased evaporation may affect the 
                         water balance in the region. However, uncertainties on climate 
                         projections are still high, particular for rainfall.",
          affiliation = "{Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais 
                         (CEMADEN)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} 
                         and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                 isbn = "9783319187341",
                label = "lattes: 2194275113941232 3 MarengoSampAlve:2016:ClChSc",
             language = "en",
                  url = "http://www.springer.com/br/book/9783319187341",
               volume = "37",
        urlaccessdate = "01 dez. 2020"