author = "Rao, Vadlamudi Brahmananda and Franchito, S{\'e}rgio Henrique and 
                         Ger{\'o}lamo, Renato Orr{\'u} Pedroso and Giarolla, Emanuel and 
                         Ramakrishna, S. S. V. S. and Rao, Bodda Ravi Srinivasa and Naidu, 
                         Chennu Vankateswara",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Andhra University} and {Andhra University} 
                         and {Andhra University}",
                title = "Himalayan warming and climate change in India",
              journal = "American Journal of Climate Change",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "5",
               number = "4",
                pages = "558--574",
             keywords = "Himalayan Glaciers, Global Warming, Floods in India, Malaria in 
                         India, IPCC AR4 Model, K{\"o}ppen Climates.",
             abstract = "Recent studies showed that the Himalayan glaciers are reducing 
                         alarmingly. This is attributed to global warming. Since the melt 
                         water of Himalayan glaciers and snow is the principal source of 
                         water for several rivers, a decrease of this source is a calamity 
                         for the large fraction of global population living in nearby 
                         regions such as India. In Asia for the 60% global population only 
                         36% of global water is available. Any further decrease of this 
                         vital necessity makes the very existence of billions of people 
                         doubtful. Here we show, using both observations and one IPCC-AR4 
                         model with high horizontal resolution, that the Himalayan region 
                         in fact underwent a maximum warming of 2.5\˚C from 1950 to 
                         1999 and would reach the highest temperature rise of 9\˚C in 
                         2100. Temperature and rainfall variations determine a simple 
                         climate classification proposed by K{\"o}ppen. We show changes 
                         that occur in climate and biosphere using this classification. 
                         Also we discussed the impact of warming and resulting changes in 
                         K{\"o}ppen climates on the floods and malaria in India.",
                  doi = "10.4236/ajcc.2016.54038",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajcc.2016.54038",
                 issn = "2167-9495 and 2167-9509",
                label = "lattes: 5465249419038855 2 RaoFrGeGiRaRaNa:2016:HiWaCl",
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "rao_himalayan.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "03 dez. 2020"