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@Article{JohnsonGGDGRTVVMPBFLFQCCOKMMZAOAAAAAAABBBBCCCCCDFHHKLLLLMMMMMNPPPPPRRRSSSSTTTTVVVVVB:2016:ImDyGl,
               author = "Johnson, M. O. and Galbraith, D. and Gloor, E. and Deurwaerder, H. 
                         de and Guimberteau, M. and Rammig, A. and Thonicke, K. and 
                         Verbeeck, H. and Von Randow, Celso and Monteagudo, A and Phillips, 
                         O. L. and Brienen, R. J. W. and Feldpausch, T. R. and Lopez 
                         Gonzalez, G. and Fauset, S. and Quesada, C. A. and Christoffersen, 
                         B. and Ciais, P. and Oliveira, Gilvan Sampaio de and Kruijt, B. 
                         and Meir, P. and Moorcroft, P. and Zhang, K. and Alvarez, E. A. 
                         and Oliveira, A. Alves de and Amaral, I. and Andrade, A. and 
                         Arag{\~a}o, Luiz Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de and Araujo-Murakami, 
                         A. and Arets, E. J. M. M. and Arroyo, L. and Aymard, G. A. and 
                         Baraloto, C. and Barroso, J. and Bonal, D. and Boot, R. and 
                         Camargo, J. and Chave, Jerome and Cogollo, A. and Cornejo, F. 
                         Valverde and Costa, L. da and Di Fiore, A. and Ferreira, L. and 
                         Higuchi, N. and Honorio, E. and Killeen, T. J. and Laurance, S. G. 
                         and Laurance, W. F. and Licona, J. and Lovejoy, T. and Malhi, Y. 
                         and Marimon, B. and Marimon Junior, B. H. and Matos, D. C. L. and 
                         Mendoza, C. and Neill, D. A. and Pardo, G. and Peņa-Claros, M. and 
                         Pitman, N. C. A. and Poorter, L. and Prieto, A and Ramirez-Angulo, 
                         H. and Roopsind, A. and Rudas, A. and Salomao, R. P. and Silveira, 
                         M. and Stropp, J. and ter Steege, H. and Terborgh, J. and Thomas, 
                         R. and Toledo, M. and Torres-Lezama, A. and Van Der Heijden, G. M. 
                         F. and Vasquez, R. and Vieira, I. and Vilanova, E. and Vos, V. A. 
                         and Baker, T. R.",
          affiliation = "{University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {University of 
                         Leeds} and {Ghent University} and {Universit{\'e} Paris-Saclay} 
                         and {Technical University Munich} and {Potsdam Institute for 
                         Climate Impact Research (PIK)} and {Ghent University} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Jard{\'{\i}}n Bot{\'a}nico de Missouri} and {University of 
                         Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {University of Exeter} and 
                         {University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas da Amaz{\^o}nia (INPA)} and {University of 
                         Edinburgh} and {Universit{\'e} Paris-Saclay} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and ALTERRA and 
                         {University of Edinburgh} and {Harvard University} and {University 
                         of Oklahoma} and {Fundaci{\'o}n Con-Vida} and {Instituto Nacional 
                         de Pesquisas da Amaz{\^o}nia (INPA)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas da Amaz{\^o}nia (INPA)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas da Amaz{\^o}nia (INPA)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidad Autonoma Gabriel Rene 
                         Moreno} and ALTERRA and {Universidad Autonoma Gabriel Rene Moreno} 
                         and UNELLEZ-Guanare and {Florida International University} and 
                         {Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC)} and INRA and {Tropenbos 
                         International} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da 
                         Amaz{\^o}nia (INPA)} and {Universit{\'e}´ Paul Sabatier} and 
                         {Jard{\'{\i}}n Bot{\'a}nico de Medell{\'{\i}}n 
                         Joaqu{\'{\i}}n Antonio Uribe} and {Andes to Amazon Biodiversity 
                         Program} and {Universidade Federal do Par{\'a} (UFPA)} and 
                         {University of Texas at Austin} and {Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi} 
                         and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amaz{\^o}nia (INPA)} and 
                         {Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazon{\'{\i}}a Peruana} and 
                         {World Wildlife Fund} and {James Cook University} and {James Cook 
                         University} and {Instituto Boliviano de Investigacio´n Forestal} 
                         and {International Affairs at George Mason University (GMU)} and 
                         {University of Oxford} and {Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso 
                         (UEMT)} and {Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso (UEMT)} and 
                         {9Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi} and {Escuela de Ciencias 
                         Forestales (ESFOR)} and {Universidad Estatal Amaz{\'o}nica} and 
                         {Universidad Autonoma del Beni} and {Wageningen University} and 
                         {Duke University} and {Wageningen University} and {Universidad 
                         Nacional de Colombia} and {Universidad de Los Andes} and {Iwokrama 
                         International Centre for Rainforest Conservation and Development} 
                         and {Universidad Nacional de Colombia} and {Museu Paraense Emilio 
                         Goeldi} and {Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL)} and {Naturalis 
                         Biodiversity Center} and {Duke University} and {Iwokrama 
                         International Centre for Rainforest Conservation and Development} 
                         and {Instituto Boliviano de Investigaci{\'o}n Forestal} and 
                         {Universidad de Los Andes} and {University of Nottingham} and 
                         {University of Exeter} and {Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi} and 
                         {Universidad de Los Andes} and {Centro de Investigaci{\'o}n y 
                         Promoci{\'o}n del Campesinado} and {University of Leeds}",
                title = "Variation in stem mortality rates determines patterns of 
                         aboveground biomass in Amazonian forests: implications for dynamic 
                         global vegetation models",
              journal = "Global Change Biology",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "22",
                pages = "3996--4013",
             keywords = "allometry, carbon, dynamic global vegetation model, forest plots, 
                         productivity, tropical forest.",
             abstract = "Understanding the processes that determine above-ground biomass 
                         (AGB) in Amazonian forests is important for predicting the 
                         sensitivity of these ecosystems to environmental change and for 
                         designing and evaluating dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs). 
                         AGB is determined by inputs from woody productivity [woody net 
                         primary productivity (NPP)] and the rate at which carbon is lost 
                         through tree mortality. Here, we test whether two direct metrics 
                         of tree mortality (the absolute rate of woody biomass loss and the 
                         rate of stem mortality) and/or woody NPP, control variation in AGB 
                         among 167 plots in intact forest across Amazonia. We then compare 
                         these relationships and the observed variation in AGB and woody 
                         NPP with the predictions of four DGVMs. The observations show that 
                         stem mortality rates, rather than absolute rates of woody biomass 
                         loss, are the most important predictor of AGB, which is consistent 
                         with the importance of stand size structure for determining 
                         spatial variation in AGB. The relationship between stem mortality 
                         rates and AGB varies among different regions of Amazonia, 
                         indicating that variation in wood density and height/diameter 
                         relationships also influences AGB. In contrast to previous 
                         findings, we find that woody NPP is not correlated with stem 
                         mortality rates and is weakly positively correlated with AGB. 
                         Across the four models, basinwide average AGB is similar to the 
                         mean of the observations. However, the models consistently 
                         overestimate woody NPP and poorly represent the spatial patterns 
                         of both AGB and woody NPP estimated using plot data. In marked 
                         contrast to the observations, DGVMs typically show strong positive 
                         relationships between woody NPP and AGB. Resolving these 
                         differences will require incorporating forest size structure, 
                         mechanistic models of stem mortality and variation in functional 
                         composition in DGVMs.",
                  doi = "10.1111/gcb.13315",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13315",
                 issn = "1354-1013",
                label = "lattes: 5174466549126882 28 
                         
                         JohnsonGGDGRTVVMPBFLFQCCGKMMZAAAAAAAAABBBBCCCCCDFHHKLLLLMMMMMNPPPPPRRRSSSSTTTTVVVVVB:2016:ImDyGl",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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