author = "Haarsma, Reindert J. and Roberts, Malcolm J. and Vidale, Pier 
                         Luigi and Senior, Catherine A. and Bellucci, Alessio and Bao, Qing 
                         and Chang, Ping and Corti, Susanna and Fuckar, Neven S. and 
                         Guemas, Virginie and Von Hardenberg, Jost and Hazeleger, Wilco and 
                         Kodama, Chihiro and Koenigk, Torben and Leung, L. Ruby and Lu, 
                         Jian and Luo, Jing-Jia and Mao, Jiafu and Mizielinski, Matthew S. 
                         and Mizuta, Ryo and Nobre, Paulo and Satoh, Masaki and 
                         Scoccimarro, Enrico and Semmler, Tido and Small, Justin and Von 
                         Storch, Jin-Song",
          affiliation = "{Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute} and {Met Office 
                         Hadley Centre} and {University of Reading} and {Met Office Hadley 
                         Centre} and {Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici} 
                         and {Chinese Academy of Sciences} and {Texas A\&M University} and 
                         {National Research Council} and {Barcelona Supercomputing Center} 
                         and {Barcelona Supercomputing Center} and {National Research 
                         Council} and {Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute} and 
                         {Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology} and 
                         {Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute} and {Pacific 
                         Northwest National Laboratory} and {Pacific Northwest National 
                         Laboratory} and {Bureau of Meteorology} and {Oak Ridge National 
                         Laboratory} and {Met Office Hadley Centre} and {Meteorological 
                         Research Institute} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {The University of Tokyo} and {Centro 
                         Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici} and {Helmholtz 
                         Centre for Polar and Marine Research} and {National Center for 
                         Atmospheric Researc} and {Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e 
                title = "High resolution model intercomparison project (HighResMIP v1.0) 
                         for CMIP6",
              journal = "Geoscientific Model Development",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "9",
               number = "11",
                pages = "4185--4208",
             abstract = "Robust projections and predictions of climate variability and 
                         change, particularly at regional scales, rely on the driving 
                         processes being represented with fidelity in model simulations. 
                         The role of enhanced horizontal resolution in improved process 
                         representation in all components of the climate system is of 
                         growing interest, particularly as some recent simulations suggest 
                         both the possibility of significant changes in large-scale aspects 
                         of circulation as well as improvements in small-scale processes 
                         and extremes. However, such high-resolution global simulations at 
                         climate timescales, with resolutions of at least 50 km in the 
                         atmosphere and 0.25\◦ in the ocean, have been performed at 
                         relatively few research centres and generally without overall 
                         coordination, primarily due to their computational cost. Assessing 
                         the robustness of the response of simulated climate to model 
                         resolution requires a large multi-model ensemble using a 
                         coordinated set of experiments. The Coupled Model Intercomparison 
                         Project 6 (CMIP6) is the ideal framework within which to conduct 
                         such a study, due to the strong link to models being developed for 
                         the CMIP DECK experiments and other model intercomparison projects 
                         (MIPs). Increases in high-performance computing (HPC) resources, 
                         as well as the revised experimental design for CMIP6, now enable a 
                         detailed investigation of the impact of increased resolution up to 
                         synoptic weather scales on the simulated mean climate and its 
                         variability. The High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project 
                         (HighResMIP) presented in this paper applies, for the first time, 
                         a multi-model approach to the systematic investigation of the 
                         impact of horizontal resolution. A coordinated set of experiments 
                         has been designed to assess both a standard and an enhanced 
                         horizontal-resolution simulation in the atmosphere and ocean. The 
                         set of HighResMIP experiments is divided into three tiers 
                         consisting of atmosphere-only and coupled runs and spanning the 
                         period 19502050, with the possibility of extending to 2100, 
                         together with some additional targeted experiments. This paper 
                         describes the experimental set-up of HighResMIP, the analysis 
                         plan, the connection with the other CMIP6 endorsed MIPs, as well 
                         as the DECK and CMIP6 historical simulations. HighResMIP thereby 
                         focuses on one of the CMIP6 broad questions, what are the origins 
                         and consequences of systematic model biases?, but we also discuss 
                         how it addresses the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) grand 
                  doi = "10.5194/gmd-9-4185-2016",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4185-2016",
                 issn = "1991-959X",
                label = "lattes: 6041333024387123 21 
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "haarsma_high.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "25 jan. 2021"