author = "Ren{\'o}, Vivian and Novo, Evlyn M{\'a}rcia Le{\~a}o de Moraes 
                         and Escada, Maria Isabel Sobral",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Forest fragmentation in the lower Amazon floodplain: implications 
                         for biodiversity and ecosystem service provision to riverine 
              journal = "Remote Sensing",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "8",
               number = "12",
                pages = "886",
                 note = "{Setores de Atividade: Pesquisa e desenvolvimento 
             keywords = "Well-being, remote sensing, amazon floodplain, ecosystem 
             abstract = "This article analyzes the process of forest fragmentation of a 
                         floodplain landscape of the Lower Amazon over a 30-year period and 
                         its implications for the biodiversity and the provision of 
                         ecosystem services to the riverine population. To this end, we 
                         created a multi-temporal forest cover map based on Landsat images, 
                         and then analyzed the fragmentation dynamics through landscape 
                         metrics. From the analyses of the landscape and bibliographic 
                         information, we made inferences regarding the potential impacts of 
                         fragmentation on the biodiversity of trees, birds, mammals and 
                         insects. Subsequently, we used data on the local populations 
                         environmental perception to assess whether the inferred impacts on 
                         biodiversity are perceived by these populations and whether the 
                         ecosystem services related to the biodiversity of the addressed 
                         groups are compromised. The results show a 70% reduction of the 
                         forest habitat as well as important changes in the landscape 
                         structure that constitute a high degree of forest fragmentation. 
                         The perceived landscape alterations indicate that there is great 
                         potential for compromise of the biodiversity of trees, birds, 
                         mammals and insects. The field interviews corroborate the inferred 
                         impacts on biodiversity and indicate that the ecosystem services 
                         of the local communities have been compromised. More than 95% of 
                         the communities report a decreased variety and/or abundance of 
                         animal and plant species, 46% report a decrease in agricultural 
                         productivity, and 19% confirm a higher incidence of pests during 
                         the last 30 years. The present study provides evidence of an 
                         accelerated process of degradation of the floodplain forests of 
                         the Lower Amazon and indicate substantial compromise of the 
                         ecosystem services provision to the riverine population in recent 
                         decades, including reductions of food resources (animals and 
                         plants), fire wood, raw material and medicine, as well as lower 
                         agricultural productivity due to probable lack of pollination, 
                         impoverishment of the soil and an increase of pests.",
                  doi = "10.3390/rs8110886",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs8110886",
                 issn = "2072-4292",
                label = "lattes: 9857505876280820 2 Ren{\'o}NovoEsca:2016:ImBiEc",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "reno_forest.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "23 jan. 2021"