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@InCollection{VieiraToleAra˙:2016:SoImLa,
               author = "Vieira, Ima C{\'e}lia Guimar{\~a}es and Toledo, Peter Mann de 
                         and Ara{\'u}jo, Roberto",
                title = "The socioecological implications of land use and landscape change 
                         in the brazilian Amazon",
            booktitle = "Interactions between biosphere, atmosphere and human land use in 
                         the Amazon basin",
            publisher = "Springer-Verlag",
                 year = "2016",
               editor = "Nagy, Laszlo and Forsberg, Bruce R. and Artaxo, Paulo",
                pages = "441--462",
              address = "Berlin",
             keywords = "Land use, landscape change, Amazon.",
             abstract = "The search for a sustainable model of development for the 
                         Brazilian Amazon has underpinned an increasing number of public 
                         policy decisions and new legislation governing how land is managed 
                         in order to conserve and maintain ecosystem functions and 
                         services. Socio-environmentalism constitutes a relatively recent 
                         paradigm of Brazilian public policy that emerged in the 1990s as a 
                         response to poorly planned infrastructure projects and continued 
                         deforestation that undermined the conservation of biodiversity and 
                         the resilience of the socioecological system established by 
                         traditional and indigenous communities. However, the rapid 
                         development of agribusiness across many parts of the region, 
                         together with a large number of new major infrastructure 
                         developments including mega-dams, roads and large mining projects, 
                         continues to generate conflict with traditional populations and 
                         smallholders and cause widespread ecological degradation. This 
                         chapter presents an overview of land use systems in the Brazilian 
                         Amazon and analyses two development models associated with starkly 
                         different historical trajectories of landscape change: landscapes 
                         dominated by community-based projects and small farmers (termed 
                         social-nature landscapes, strongly influenced by the 
                         socio-environmentalist movement) and landscapes dominated by 
                         large-scale agriculture (neo-nature landscapes, strongly 
                         influenced by the agribusiness sector). We discuss the social and 
                         ecological implications of these two contrasting models for 
                         sustainable development in the region.",
          affiliation = "{} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                 isbn = "9783662499023",
                label = "lattes: 3990234183124986 2 VieiraToleAra{\'u}:2016:SoImLa",
             language = "en",
          seriestitle = "Ecologial Studies",
               volume = "227",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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