author = "Nascimento, Victor Fernandez and Sobral, Anahi Chimini and 
                         Andrade, Pedro Ribeiro de and Ometto, Jean Pierre Henry Balbaud 
                         and Yesiller, Nazli",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {California Polytechnic State University 
                         (Cal Poly)}",
                title = "Modeling environmental susceptibility of municipal solid waste 
                         disposal sites: a case study in S{\~a}o Paulo state, Brazil",
              journal = "Journal of Geographic Information System",
                 year = "2017",
               volume = "9",
               number = "1",
                pages = "8--33",
             keywords = "Modeling, Geographic Information System (GIS), Environmental 
                         Impact, Municipal Solid Waste, Landfills, Multi-Criteria Decision 
                         Analysis (MCDA), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).",
             abstract = "The large excess of solid waste generated in cities is a result of 
                         population growth and economic development. Properly managing this 
                         municipal solid waste (MSW) is a challenge, mainly in 
                         underdeveloped and developing countries where financial concerns 
                         are an added problem. From the environmental point of view, a 
                         major issue is properly disposing MSW taking into consideration a 
                         wide range of factors, and working with different spatial data. In 
                         this study, we used geographic information system (GIS) to perform 
                         multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) conducted by analytical 
                         hierarchy process (AHP). The development of the environmental 
                         impact susceptibility model (EISM) for municipal solid waste 
                         disposal sites (MSWDS) applied to the state of S{\~a}o Paulo, 
                         Brazil considered factors such as geology, pedology, 
                         geomorphology, water resources, and climate represented by fifteen 
                         associated sub-factors. The results indicated that more than 82% 
                         of S{\~a}o Paulos territory is situated in areas with very low, 
                         low, and medium environmental impact susceptibility categories. 
                         However, in the remaining 18% of the state land area, 85 landfills 
                         are located in areas with high and very high environmental impact 
                         susceptibility categories. These results are alarming because 
                         these 85 landfills receive approximately 17,886 tons of MSW on a 
                         daily basis, which corresponds to 46% of all municipal solid waste 
                         disposed in S{\~a}o Paulo state. Therefore, decision makers, 
                         urban planners and policymakers could use the findings of the EISM 
                         towards mitigating the environmental impacts caused by MSWDS.",
                  doi = "10.4236/jgis.2017.91002",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jgis.2017.91002",
                 issn = "2151-1950",
                label = "lattes: 1713947753035221 2 
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "nascimento_modeling.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "28 nov. 2020"