author = "Hackerott, J. A. and Pezzi, Luciano Ponzi and Bakhoday Paskyabi, 
                         M. and Oliveira, A. P. and Reuder, J. and Souza, Ronald Buss de 
                         and Camargo, R. de",
          affiliation = "{Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Bjerknes Centre for Climate 
                         Research} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and 
                         University of Bergen, and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)}",
                title = "The role of roughness and stability on the momentum flux in the 
                         Marine Atmospheric Surface Layer: a study on the Southwestern 
                         Atlantic Ocean",
              journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "123",
                pages = "3914--3932",
             keywords = "Conflu{\^e}ncia Brasil-Malvinas, camada limite atmosf{\'e}rica 
                         marinha, fluxos de momento.",
             abstract = "For the \first time, in situ turbulence measurements 
                         collected in the vicinity of theBrazil-Malvinas Con\fluence 
                         are used to determine the in\fluence of the ocean waves and 
                         atmosphericstability on the Marine Atmospheric Surface Layer. From 
                         the analysis of 187 high-frequency sampledsegments of temperature 
                         and wind velocity, carefully selected from three ship campaigns of 
                         the Air-SeaInteraction at Brazil-Malvinas Con\fluence 
                         project, we found a particular behavior of the drag 
                         coe\fficient,with a negative trend for a calm wind speed up 
                         to 10 m/s when the signi\ficant wave height was lower 
                         than2.5 m, and a continuous decrease of the drag 
                         coe\fficient with increasing wind speed for 
                         signi\ficant waveheight higher than 2.5 m. The results 
                         suggest that waves ac t as roughness elements during high 
                         waveconditions, inducing a zero-plane displacement in the order of 
                         0.1 to 1 m as an indication for awave-induced roughness layer. In 
                         addition, the analysis of the turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) 
                         budgetindicates the occurrence of upward TKE transport mainly 
                         during stable conditions, while the generalpatterns of transport 
                         and dissipation of TKE are similar to observations taken over land 
                  doi = "10.1002/2017jd027994",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017jd027994",
                 issn = "2169-897X",
                label = "lattes: 0537824080913130 6 HackerottPePaOlReSoCa:2018:StSoAt",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "Hackerott_et_al-2018.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "01 dez. 2020"