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@Article{AndradeLobaToleViei:2019:AnPaPe,
               author = "Andrade, Luis Vladimir Mora and Lobato, Gerciene de Jesus Miranda 
                         and Toledo, Peter Mann de and Vieira, Ima C{\'e}lia 
                         Guimar{\~a}es",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Federal do Par{\'a} (UFPA)} and {Universidade 
                         Federal do Par{\'a} (UFPA)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Museu Paraense Em{\'{\i}}lio Goeldi}",
                title = "Sistema s{\'o}cio-ecol{\'o}gico da Ilha S{\~a}o Cristov{\~a}o, 
                         Gal{\'a}pagos: uma an{\'a}lise a partir das 
                         percep{\c{c}}{\~o}es dos atores locais",
              journal = "Ra'e Ga",
                 year = "2019",
               volume = "46",
               number = "1",
                pages = "145--164",
             keywords = "Conserva{\c{c}}{\~a}o da biodiversidade, Sustentabilidade 
                         ambiental, Turismo, Equador, Conservation of biodiversity, 
                         Environmental sustainability, Tourism, Ecuador.",
             abstract = "Gal{\'a}pagos {\'e} um arquip{\'e}lago considerado como um 
                         laborat{\'o}rio para o estudo da evolu{\c{c}}{\~a}o, o primeiro 
                         Parque Nacional do Equador, e {\'e} Patrim{\^o}nio Natural da 
                         Humanidade. Entretanto, com a chegada de cerca de 218 mil turistas 
                         ao ano, h{\'a} press{\~a}o sobre os fr{\'a}geis ecossistemas 
                         deste arquip{\'e}lago insular. Esta pesquisa objetivou analisar o 
                         Sistema S{\'o}cioecol{\'o}gico (SSE) da Ilha S{\~a}o 
                         Cristov{\~a}o a partir das percep{\c{c}}{\~o}es dos habitantes 
                         sobre amea{\c{c}}as, mudan{\c{c}}as e impactos ocorridos a 
                         partir da publica{\c{c}}{\~a}o da Lei Especial de Gal{\'a}pagos 
                         em 10 de mar{\c{c}}o de 1998 at{\'e} 2017. As 
                         informa{\c{c}}{\~o}es obtidas basearam-se em entrevistas 
                         semiestruturadas com 260 moradores, selecionados por amostragem 
                         probabil{\'{\i}}stica do tipo aleat{\'o}ria simples. Ademais, 
                         aplicaram-se as t{\'e}cnicas explorat{\'o}rias de an{\'a}lise 
                         fatorial de correspond{\^e}ncia m{\'u}ltipla AFCM{"} para 30 
                         vari{\'a}veis cuja descri{\c{c}}{\~a}o perpassa os problemas 
                         discutidos nas sess{\~o}es da Organiza{\c{c}}{\~a}o das 
                         Na{\c{c}}{\~o}es Unidas para a Educa{\c{c}}{\~a}o, a 
                         Ci{\^e}ncia e a Cultura (UNESCO). A Ilha S{\~a}o Cristov{\~a}o 
                         apresenta homens (53,46%) e mulheres (46,54%) residindo 
                         principalmente em Porto Baquerizo (71,92%); a maioria (60%) 
                         proveniente de outras ilhas povoadas (Santa Cruz, Florena e 
                         Isabela) e tamb{\'e}m do Equador continental. As 
                         correla{\c{c}}{\~o}es da an{\'a}lise estat{\'{\i}}stica 
                         evidenciaram uma tend{\^e}ncia a respostas positivas, contudo 
                         sinalizaram alguns impactos no modo de vida, especialmente 
                         relacionado ao aumento do turismo, {\`a}s esp{\'e}cies 
                         introduzidas e {\`a} redu{\c{c}}{\~a}o da mina, devido {\`a} 
                         extra{\c{c}}{\~a}o de areia, cascalho e pedra para fazer as 
                         constru{\c{c}}{\~o}es. Diante desse cen{\'a}rio, os atores 
                         locais delineiam um sistema com nuances sociais, ambientais e 
                         econ{\^o}micas interligadas, mas conflitantes, necessitando de 
                         uma gest{\~a}o mais eficaz. ABSTRACT: Galapagos is an archipelago 
                         of global interest considered as a laboratory for the study of 
                         evolution. As the first National Park created in Ecuador has been 
                         established as a Natural Heritage of Humanity. However, with the 
                         arrival of about 218 thousand tourists a year, there is constant 
                         pressure on the fragile ecosystems of these islands. This research 
                         aimed to analyze the Socio-Ecological System (SSE) of S{\~a}o 
                         Cristov{\~a}o Island based on the inhabitants' perceptions of the 
                         threats, changes, and impacts that occurred as of the publication 
                         of the Special Law of Galapagos on March 10, 1998, until 2017. The 
                         information obtained was based on semi-structured interviews with 
                         260 residents, selected by probabilistic sampling of the simple 
                         random type. Also, we applied the exploratory techniques of 
                         factorial analysis of multiple correspondences {"}AFCM{"} for 30 
                         variables whose description per passes the problems discussed in 
                         the sessions of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and 
                         Cultural Organization (UNESCO). S{\~a}o Cristov{\~a}o Island 
                         presents men (53.46%) and women (46.54%) residing mainly in Porto 
                         Baquerizo (71.92%); the majority (60%) coming from other populated 
                         islands (Santa Cruz, Florena and Isabela) and also from 
                         continental Ecuador. The correlations of the statistical analysis 
                         evidenced a tendency towards positive responses but indicated some 
                         impacts on the way of life, mainly related to the increase of the 
                         tourism, introduced species and the reduction of the mine, due to 
                         the extraction of sand, gravel, and stone to make the 
                         constructions. Given this scenario, local population outline a 
                         system with interrelated but conflicting social, environmental and 
                         economic nuances, requiring more effective management.",
                  doi = "10.5380/raega.v46i1.57648",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/raega.v46i1.57648",
                 issn = "2177-2738",
                label = "lattes: 3990234183124986 3 AndradeLobaToleViei:2019:ANPAPE",
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "57648-258700-1-PB.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "02 dez. 2020"
}


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