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@Article{RaoMaSrFrDaGa:2019:FuInEx,
               author = "Rao, Vadlamudi Brahmananda and Maneesha, K. and Sravya, 
                         Panangipalli and Franchito, Sergio Henrique and Dasari, Hariprasad 
                         and Gan, Manoel Alonso",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Regional 
                         Centre Visakhapatnam} and {King Abdulla University of Science and 
                         Technology} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} 
                         and {King Abdulla University of Science and Technology} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Future increase in extreme El Nino events under greenhouse warming 
                         increases Zika virus incidence in South America",
              journal = "NPJ Climate and Atmospheric Science",
                 year = "2019",
               volume = "4",
               number = "1",
                pages = "1--7",
                 note = "{Setores de Atividade: Pesquisa e desenvolvimento 
                         cient{\'{\i}}fico.}",
             keywords = "evento extremo, ENSO, ZIKA virus.",
             abstract = "The Zika virus (ZIKV) was first found in Zika forest, Uganda in 
                         1947. The disease appeared in the Americas, Northeast Brazil in 
                         May 2015. ZIKV propagated rapidly across the Americas and the 
                         World Health Organization (WHO) in February 2016 declared this as 
                         a public health emergency of international concern. The 
                         temperature conditions related to extreme El Niņo of 201516 were 
                         exceptionally favorable for ZIKV spreading in South America. For 
                         the recent spreading of ZIKV, in Americas, Northeast Brazil was 
                         the starting point and it was associated with the extreme El Niņo 
                         201516. Paz and Semenza found that there is a striking overlap 
                         when the regions with extreme climatic conditions in 1 month are 
                         juxtaposed with the geographic distribution of ZIKV in subsequent 
                         months. They found that the unique climatic conditions generated 
                         by extreme El Niņo of 201516 are congenial for the dispersal of 
                         ZIKV in the Americas. This is not a just coincidence and many 
                         authors noted that ZIKV vector Aedes aegypti is strongly dependent 
                         on surface climate conditions that occur during extreme El Niņo 
                         events. Recently a study found that extreme El Niņo events will 
                         double in future in response to greenhouse warming. Also it was 
                         discovered that the increase of extreme El Niņo frequency will 
                         continue long after 1.5 °C warming stabilization. We analyze 
                         future extreme El Niņo events along with associated surface 
                         temperatures and calculated the ZIKV quantitatively in future 
                         extreme El Niņo events and found that large parts of South America 
                         are highly favorable for the spread of the disease.",
                  doi = "10.1038/s41612-019-0061-0",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41612-019-0061-0",
                 issn = "2397-3722",
                label = "lattes: 3214369697732376 6 RaoMaSrFrDaGa:2019:FuInEx",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "s41612-019-0061-0.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "29 nov. 2020"
}


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