author = "Cai, Wenju and Mcphaden, Michael J. and Grimm, Alice M. and 
                         Rodrigues, Regina R. and Taschetto, Andr{\'e}a S. and Garreaud, 
                         Ren{\'e} D. and Dewitte, Boris and Poveda, Germ{\'a}n and Ham, 
                         Yoo-Geun and Santoso, Agus and Ng, Benjamin and Anderson, Weston 
                         and Wang, Guojian and Geng, Tao and Jo, Hyun-Su and Marengo, 
                         Jos{\'e} A. and Alves, Lincoln Muniz and Osman, Marisol and Li, 
                         Shujun and Wu, Lixin and Karamperidou, Christina and Takahashi, 
                         Ken and Vera, Carolina",
          affiliation = "{Ocean University of China} and {NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental 
                         Laboratory} and {Universidade Federal do Paran{\'a} (UFPR)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)} and {Australian 
                         Research Council (ARC)} and {Universidad de Chile} and {Centro de 
                         Estudios Avanzados en Zonas {\'A}ridas (CEAZA)} and {Universidad 
                         Nacional de Colombia} and {Chonnam National University} and 
                         {Centre for Southern Hemisphere Oceans Research (CSHOR)} and 
                         {Centre for Southern Hemisphere Oceans Research (CSHOR)} and 
                         {Columbia University} and {Ocean University of China} and {Ocean 
                         University of China} and {Centre for Southern Hemisphere Oceans 
                         Research (CSHOR)} and {Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alerta 
                         de Desastres Naturais (CEMADEN0} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Centro de Investigaciones del Mar 
                         y la Atm{\'o}sfera (CIMA/CONICET-UBA)} and {Ocean University of 
                         China} and {Ocean University of China} and {University of Hawai} 
                         and {Servicio Nacional de Meteorolog{\'{\i}}a e Hidrologia del 
                         Per{\'u} (SENAMHI)} and {Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la 
                         Atm{\'o}sfera (CIMA/CONICET-UBA)}",
                title = "Climate impacts of the El Niņo-Southern Oscillation on South 
              journal = "Nature Reviews Earth and Environment",
                 year = "2020",
               volume = "1",
               number = "4",
                pages = "215--231",
             abstract = "The climate of South America (SA) has long held an intimate 
                         connection with El Niņo, historically describing anomalously warm 
                         sea-surface temperatures off the coastline of Peru. Indeed, 
                         throughout SA, precipitation and temperature exhibit a 
                         substantial, yet regionally diverse, relationship with the El 
                         NiņoSouthern Oscillation (ENSO). For example, El Niņo is typically 
                         accompanied by drought in the Amazon and north-eastern SA, but 
                         flooding in the tropical west coast and south-eastern SA, with 
                         marked socio-economic effects. In this Review, we synthesize the 
                         understanding of ENSO teleconnections to SA. Recent efforts have 
                         sought improved understanding of oceanatmosphere processes that 
                         govern the impact, inter-event and decadal variability, and 
                         responses to anthropogenic warming. ENSOs impacts have been found 
                         to vary markedly, affected not only by ENSO diversity, but also by 
                         modes of variability within and outside of the Pacific. However, 
                         while the understanding of ENSOSA relationships has improved, with 
                         implications for prediction and projection, uncertainty remains in 
                         regards to the robustness of the impacts, inter-basin climate 
                         interactions and interplay with greenhouse warming. A coordinated 
                         international effort is, therefore, needed to close the 
                         observational, theoretical and modelling gaps currently limiting 
                         progress, with specific efforts in extending palaeoclimate proxies 
                         further back in time, reducing systematic model errors and 
                         improving simulations of ENSO diversity and teleconnections.",
                  doi = "10.1038/s43017-020-0040-3",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43017-020-0040-3",
                 issn = "2662-138X",
                label = "lattes: 2194275113941232 17 
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "cai_climate.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "17 abr. 2021"