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@Article{VieiraSTMPBSRNSBO:2020:ChSpPa,
               author = "Vieira, Rita Marcia da Silva Pinto and Sestini, Marcelo Francisco 
                         and Tomasella, Javier and Marchezini, Victor and Pereira, 
                         Guilherme Reis and Barbosa, Alexandre Augusto and Santos, 
                         Fabr{\'{\i}}cia Cristina and Rodriguez, Daniel Andr{\'e}s and 
                         Nascimento, Fl{\'a}vio Rodrigues do and Santana, Marcos Oliveira 
                         and Barreto Campello, Francisco Carneiro and Ometto, Jean Pierre 
                         Henry Balbaud",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Centro Nacional de 
                         Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais (CEMADEN)} and 
                         {Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais 
                         (CEMADEN)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} 
                         and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)} and {Universidade 
                         Federal Fluminense (UFF)} and {Minist{\'e}rio do Meio Ambiente 
                         (MMA)} and {Minist{\'e}rio do Meio Ambiente (MMA)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Characterizing spatio-temporal patterns of social vulnerability to 
                         droughts, degradation and desertification in the Brazilian 
                         northeast",
              journal = "Environmental and Sustainability Indicators",
                 year = "2020",
               volume = "5",
                pages = "100016",
             keywords = "Desertification, Environmental susceptibility, Social 
                         vulnerability, Brazilian semi-arid, Public policies.",
             abstract = "Examples of how environmental susceptibility has a direct impact 
                         on the social vulnerability of a population, by affecting both the 
                         social and cultural life quality are discussed for the Northeast 
                         of Brazil, which is considered to be the poorest region of the 
                         country. Several direct and indirect mechanisms associated to soil 
                         degradation/ desertification are addressed, mainly in relation to 
                         the impact they cause to the livelihood such as income, 
                         immigration/emigration rate, and mortality. Our purpose is to 
                         provide, based on a social vulnerability index, a spatial-temporal 
                         analysis of the population dynamics in response to the effects of 
                         degradation/desertification and extended periods of drought. The 
                         results of this study demonstrated that social vulnerability is 
                         mostly dictated by social factors but marginally by environmental 
                         factors. This conclusion has an impact on federal public policies 
                         designed to reduce social inequality in the region.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.indic.2019.100016",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indic.2019.100016",
                 issn = "2665-9727",
                label = "lattes: 1325667605623244 12 VieiraSTMPBSRNSBO:2020:ChSpPa",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "vieira_characterizing.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "19 jan. 2021"
}


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