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@Article{CasteloAdamSant:2020:FrAgPo,
               author = "Castelo, Thiago Bandeira and Adami, Marcos and Santos, Ricardo 
                         Bruno Nascimento dos",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Federal do Par{\'a} (UFPA)} and {Instituto Nacional 
                         de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade Federal do 
                         Par{\'a} (UFPA)}",
                title = "Fronteira agr{\'{\i}}cola e a pol{\'{\i}}tica de 
                         prioriza{\c{c}}{\~a}o dos munic{\'{\i}}pios no combate ao 
                         desmatamento no Estado do Par{\'a}, Amaz{\^o}nia",
              journal = "Estudos Sociedade e Agricultura",
                 year = "2020",
               volume = "28",
               number = "2",
                pages = "434--457",
             keywords = "desmatamento, fronteira, munic{\'{\i}}pios priorit{\'a}rios, 
                         deforestation, frontier, priority municipalities.",
             abstract = "A expans{\~a}o da Fronteira Agr{\'{\i}}cola {\'e} uma 
                         realidade na regi{\~a}o Amaz{\^o}nica e no estado do Par{\'a}. 
                         As atividades agropecu{\'a}rias t{\^e}m se deslocado para a 
                         mesorregi{\~a}o Sudoeste do estado, implicando um aumento do 
                         desmatamento nos munic{\'{\i}}pios embargados e ditos 
                         priorit{\'a}rios, de acordo com o Programa Munic{\'{\i}}pios 
                         Verdes (PMV). Diante disso, a presente pesquisa visou analisar o 
                         avan{\c{c}}o da Fronteira Agr{\'{\i}}cola diante da 
                         pol{\'{\i}}tica do PMV, que prioriza suas a{\c{c}}{\~o}es de 
                         combate ao desmatamento nos chamados munic{\'{\i}}pios 
                         embargados, diametralmente opostos ao grupo de Munic{\'{\i}}pios 
                         Verdes (MVs) no estado do Par{\'a}. Verificou-se que entre os 
                         munic{\'{\i}}pios controlados (Munic{\'{\i}}pios Verdes) pelo 
                         PMV, o desmatamento se manteve est{\'a}vel e, entre os 
                         munic{\'{\i}}pios priorit{\'a}rios, o desmatamento cresceu 
                         substancialmente no per{\'{\i}}odo de 2004 a 2016, mesmo diante 
                         das imposi{\c{c}}{\~o}es colocadas pelo Programa. 
                         Concomitantemente, boa parte desses munic{\'{\i}}pios est{\'a} 
                         localizada nas {\'a}reas de expans{\~a}o da fronteira, e o 
                         crescimento das atividades agr{\'{\i}}colas e madeireiras, em 
                         termos de quantidade produzida e valores monet{\'a}rios obtidos, 
                         tem estimulado o deslocamento. Empreendimentos energ{\'e}ticos e 
                         abertura de estradas tamb{\'e}m contribuem para esse 
                         cen{\'a}rio. A inflex{\~a}o de pol{\'{\i}}ticas ambientais e a 
                         efetiva gest{\~a}o ambiental municipal que perpassa pelo conceito 
                         emergente de governan{\c{c}}a local s{\~a}o fundamentais para o 
                         controle do desmatamento no Par{\'a}. ABSTRACT: (Agricultural 
                         Frontier and the prioritization policy of the municipalities in 
                         combating the deforestation in the State of Par{\'a}, 
                         Amaz{\^o}nia). The expansion of the agricultural frontier is a 
                         reality in the Amazon region and in the State of Par{\'a}, 
                         agricultural activities have moved to the Southwest mesoregion of 
                         the state, implying in the increase of deforestation in the 
                         municipalities embargoedand priority sayings according to the 
                         Green Municipalities Program (PMV). Therefore, this research aimed 
                         to analyze the advance of the agricultural frontier in view of the 
                         PMV policy that prioritizes its actions to combat deforestation in 
                         the so-called embargoed municipalities, diametrically opposed to 
                         the group of green municipalities (MVs), which according to the 
                         PMV, has lower risk of deforestation in the State of Par{\'a}. It 
                         was verified that among the municipalities controlled (green 
                         municipalities)by the PMV deforestation remained stable and among 
                         the priority municipalities, deforestation increased substantially 
                         in the period from 2004 to 2016 even in the face of the 
                         impositions imposed by the program. Concomitantly, a large part of 
                         these municipalitiesare in the new frontier expansion areas, and 
                         the growth of agricultural and logging activities in terms of 
                         quantity and monetary values has stimulated this displacement. 
                         Energy projects and opening roads also contribute to this 
                         scenario. The inflection ofenvironmental policies and the 
                         effective municipal environmental management that permeates the 
                         emerging concept of local governance are fundamental for the 
                         control of deforestation in Par{\'a}.",
                  doi = "10.36920/esa-v28n2-8",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.36920/esa-v28n2-8",
                 issn = "1413-0580",
                label = "lattes: 7484071887086439 2 BandeiraCasteloAdamNasc:2020:FrAgPo",
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "castelo_fronteira.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "16 abr. 2021"
}


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