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1. Identity statement
Reference TypeJournal Article
Siteplutao.sid.inpe.br
Holder Codeisadg {BR SPINPE} ibi 8JMKD3MGPCW/3DT298S
IdentifierJ8LNKAN8RW/3D54755
Repositorydpi.inpe.br/plutao/2012/11.28.19.31.24
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Metadata Repositorydpi.inpe.br/plutao/2012/11.28.19.31.25
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Secondary KeyINPE--PRE/
DOI10.1175/JAS-D-11-0248.1
ISSN0022-4928
Labellattes: 2921337850760630 1 CostaShin:2012:OuLoRa
Citation KeyCostaShin:2012:OuLoRa
TitleOutgoing Longwave Radiation due to Directly-Transmitted Surface Emission
Year2012
MonthJune
Access Date2023, Jan. 29
Secondary TypePRE PI
Number of Files1
Size1004 KiB
2. Context
Author1 Costa, Simone Marilene Sievert da
2 Shine, Keith P.
Group1 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
Affiliation1 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
2 Department of Meteorology, University of Reading
Author e-Mail Address1 simone.sievert@cptec.inpe.br
e-Mail Addresssimone.sievert@cptec.inpe.br
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Volume69
Pages1865-1870
Secondary MarkB1_ASTRONOMIA_/_FÍSICA A1_GEOCIÊNCIAS A1_INTERDISCIPLINAR
History (UTC)2012-11-28 23:06:36 :: lattes -> marciana :: 2012
2013-02-08 17:35:48 :: marciana -> administrator :: 2012
2021-01-03 02:11:07 :: administrator -> marciana :: 2012
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Keywordsoutgoing longwave radiation (OLR)
surface transmitted irradiance (STI)
AbstractA frequently used diagram summarizing the annual- and global-mean energy budget of the earth and atmosphere indicates that the irradiance reaching the top of the atmosphere from the surface, through the midinfrared atmospheric window, is 40 W m-2; this can be compared to the total outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) of about 235 W m-2. The value of 40 W m-2 was estimated in an ad hoc manner. A more detailed calculation of this component, termed here the surface transmitted irradiance (STI), is presented, using a line-by-line radiation code and 3D climatologies of temperature, humidity, cloudiness, etc. No assumption is made as to the wavelengths at which radiation from the surface can reach the top of the atmosphere. The role of the water vapor continuum is highlighted. In clear skies, if the continuum is excluded, the global- and annual-mean STI is calculated to be about 100 W m-2 with a broad maximum throughout the tropics and subtropics. When the continuum is included, the clear-sky STI is reduced to 66 W m-2, with a distinctly different geographic distribution, with a minimum in the tropics and local peaks over subtropical deserts. The inclusion of clouds reduces the STI to about 22 W m-2. The actual value is likely somewhat smaller due to processes neglected here, and an STI value of 20 W m-2 (with an estimated uncertainty of about ±20%) is suggested to be much more realistic than the previous estimate of 40 W m-2. This indicates that less than one-tenth of the OLR originates directly from the surface.
AreaMET
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6. Notes
NotesCopyright of Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences is the property of American Meteorological Society and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use.
Empty Fieldsalternatejournal archivist callnumber copyholder copyright creatorhistory descriptionlevel format isbn lineage mark mirrorrepository nextedition number orcid parameterlist parentrepositories previousedition previouslowerunit progress project readergroup resumeid rightsholder secondarydate session shorttitle sponsor subject targetfile tertiarymark tertiarytype typeofwork url
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1. Identity statement
Reference TypeJournal Article
Sitemtc-m16d.sid.inpe.br
Holder Codeisadg {BR SPINPE} ibi 8JMKD3MGPCW/3DT298S
Identifier8JMKD3MGP7W/3CBMTTH
Repositorysid.inpe.br/mtc-m19/2012/07.26.16.37   (restricted access)
Last Update2012:09.03.14.28.08 (UTC) administrator
Metadata Repositorysid.inpe.br/mtc-m19/2012/07.26.16.37.32
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DOI10.1080/01431161.2012.657367
ISSN0143-1161
Citation KeyGonçalvesCosAngRodSou:2012:ReGORe
TitleRegionalization of the GOES-10 retrieval algorithm for tropical South America
Year2012
Access Date2023, Jan. 29
Secondary TypePRE PI
Number of Files1
Size1004 KiB
2. Context
Author1 Gonçalves, Weber Andrade
2 Costa, Simone Marilene Sievert da
3 Angelis, Carlos Frederico de
4 Rodrigues, Jurandir Ventura
5 Souza, Rodrigo Augusto Ferreira
Resume Identifier1
2
3 8JMKD3MGP5W/3C9JGQT
Group1 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
2 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
3 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
4 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
Affiliation1 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
2 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
3 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
4 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
5 Universidade Estadual do Amazonas
Author e-Mail Address1 weber.goncalves@cptec.inpe.br
2 simone.sievert@cptec.inpe.br
3 carlos.angelis@cptec.inpe.br
4 jurandir.rodrigues@cptec.inpe.br
JournalInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume33
Number17
Pages5366 - 5378
History (UTC)2012-07-26 16:37:32 :: valdirene -> administrator ::
2012-07-26 16:37:37 :: administrator -> valdirene :: 2012
2012-09-03 14:28:08 :: valdirene -> administrator :: 2012
2021-01-03 02:12:00 :: administrator -> valdirene :: 2012
3. Content and structure
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Keywordssounder
profiles
AbstractMeteorological satellites provide a unique opportunity to obtain thermodynamic profiles in regions of the globe that do not have a dense meteorological upper air stations network, as in South America. The geostationary satellite GOES-10 made the inference of temperature and mixing ratio profiles every hour with a special resolution of 10 km over South America from July 2007 to February 2009. The GOES-10 retrieval algorithm for thermodynamic profiles was developed by the CIMMS in the United States, so some adjustments for its application in South America could be done. Among these adjustments is the construction of a new covariance matrix. In this context, the scientific focus of this research was to construct a new covariance matrix adapted to meteorological conditions of South America. In addition, a validation of the algorithm results by the use of the original and the new covariance matrices was performed. The variables validated were the air temperature and mixing ratio vertical profiles and the values of total precipitable water. The dataset used was a total of 1095 radiosonde observations located in South America tropical region at 00:00 and 12:00 UTC, as well as thermodynamic profiles from 12h forecasts of the CPTEC Global Model, used as first guess, and upwelling radiances of 18 infrared channels from GOES-10 satellite for the period from July to November 2007. In general, the results indicated that with the regionalization of the covariance matrix the algorithm performed better retrievals than when it used the original matrix. The greatest improvements were found in the mixing ratio profiles and in the values of total precipitable water. These results could be associated to the presence of the Amazon Rainforest that incorporated a greater amount of moisture in the new covariance matrix than the previous matrix had.
AreaMET
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Previous Editionsid.inpe.br/mtc-m19/2010/11.26.17.29
Mirror Repositorysid.inpe.br/mtc-m19@80/2009/08.21.17.02.53
Next Higher Units8JMKD3MGPCW/43SRC6S
DisseminationWEBSCI; PORTALCAPES; MGA; COMPENDEX.
Host Collectionsid.inpe.br/mtc-m19@80/2009/08.21.17.02
6. Notes
Empty Fieldsalternatejournal archivist callnumber copyholder copyright creatorhistory descriptionlevel e-mailaddress format isbn label lineage mark month nextedition notes orcid parameterlist parentrepositories previouslowerunit progress project rightsholder secondarydate secondarykey secondarymark session shorttitle sponsor subject targetfile tertiarymark tertiarytype typeofwork url
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1. Identity statement
Reference TypeJournal Article
Siteplutao.sid.inpe.br
Holder Codeisadg {BR SPINPE} ibi 8JMKD3MGPCW/3DT298S
IdentifierJ8LNKAN8RW/3D545T5
Repositorydpi.inpe.br/plutao/2012/11.28.19.17   (restricted access)
Last Update2012:11.29.15.15.40 (UTC) administrator
Metadata Repositorydpi.inpe.br/plutao/2012/11.28.19.17.07
Metadata Last Update2021:01.03.02.11.06 (UTC) administrator
Secondary KeyINPE--PRE/
DOI10.1155/2012/369567
ISSN1687-9309
Labellattes: 5379515759830546 3 KouadioServMachLent:2012:HeRaEp
Citation KeyKouadioServMachLent:2012:HeRaEp
TitleHeavy Rainfall Episodes in the Eastern Northeast Brazil Linked to Large-Scale Ocean-Atmosphere Conditions in the Tropical Atlantic
ProjectFrench-Brazilian IRD-CNPq Project "Climate of the Tropical Atlantic and Impacts on the Northeast" (CATIN) CNPq Process 492690/2004-9 FINEP FINEP Process 01080617/00 French Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD) FUNCAP BPV-0025-00055.01.00/11 CNPq 478480/2009-1 478398/2006-9
Year2012
Access Date2023, Jan. 29
Secondary TypePRE PI
Number of Files1
Size4813 KiB
2. Context
Author1 Kouadio, Yves K.
2 Servain, Jacques
3 Machado, Luiz Augusto Toledo
4 Lentini, Carlos A. D.
Resume Identifier1
2
3 8JMKD3MGP5W/3C9JHMS
Group1
2
3 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
Affiliation1 Laboratoire de Physique de l’Atmosphère (LPA), UFR-SSMT, Université de Cocody, 22 BP 582, Abidjan 22, Cote D'Ivoire
2 Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hídricos (FUNCEME), Avenida Rui Barbosa 1246, Aldeota, 60115-221 Fortaleza, CE, Brazil; Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR182-LOCEAN, Université de Paris VI, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris, France
3 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
4 Instituto de Fisica, Departamento de Fisica da Terra e do Meio Ambiente, Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Travessa Barão de Jeremoabo, s/n, Campus Ondina, 40170-280 Salvador, BA, Brazil
Author e-Mail Address1
2
3 machado@cptec.inpe.br
e-Mail Addressmachado@cptec.inpe.br
JournalAdvances in Meteorology
Volume2012
NumberArticle ID 369567
Pages1-16
History (UTC)2012-11-28 23:06:35 :: lattes -> marciana :: 2012
2012-12-11 17:20:38 :: marciana -> administrator :: 2012
2013-01-20 15:55:35 :: administrator -> marciana :: 2012
2013-02-07 17:06:40 :: marciana -> administrator :: 2012
2013-02-07 17:07:36 :: administrator -> marciana :: 2012
2013-02-07 17:10:44 :: marciana -> banon :: 2012
2013-02-18 14:21:58 :: banon -> administrator :: 2012
2021-01-03 02:11:06 :: administrator -> marciana :: 2012
3. Content and structure
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AbstractRelationships between simultaneous occurrences of distinctive atmospheric easterly wave (EW) signatures that cross the south-equatorial Atlantic, intense mesoscale convective systems (lifespan > 2 hour) that propagate westward over the western south-equatorial Atlantic, and subsequent strong rainfall episodes (anomaly > 10 mm·day−1) that occur in eastern Northeast Brazil (ENEB) are investigated. Using a simple diagnostic analysis, twelve cases with EW lifespan ranging between 3 and 8 days and a mean velocity of 8 m·s−1 were selected and documented during each rainy season of 2004, 2005, and 2006. These cases, which represent 50% of the total number of strong rainfall episodes and 60% of the rainfall amount over the ENEB, were concomitant with an acceleration of the trade winds over the south-equatorial Atlantic, an excess of moisture transported westward from Africa to America, and a strengthening of the convective activity in the oceanic region close to Brazil. Most of these episodes occurred during positive sea surface temperature anomaly patterns over the entire south-equatorial Atlantic and low-frequency warm conditions within the oceanic mixing layer. A real-time monitoring and the simulation of this ocean-atmosphere relationship could help in forecasting such dramatic rainfall events.
AreaMET
Arrangementurlib.net > BDMCI > Fonds > Produção anterior à 2021 > DIDSA > Heavy Rainfall Episodes...
doc Directory Contentaccess
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4. Conditions of access and use
Languageen
User Groupadministrator
banon
lattes
marciana
Visibilityshown
Archiving Policydenypublisher allowfinaldraft
Read Permissiondeny from all and allow from 150.163
Update Permissionnot transferred
5. Allied materials
Next Higher Units8JMKD3MGPCW/43SRC6S
DisseminationWEBSCI; PORTALCAPES.
Host Collectiondpi.inpe.br/plutao@80/2008/08.19.15.01
6. Notes
Empty Fieldsalternatejournal archivist callnumber copyholder copyright creatorhistory descriptionlevel format isbn keywords lineage mark mirrorrepository month nextedition notes orcid parameterlist parentrepositories previousedition previouslowerunit progress readergroup rightsholder secondarydate secondarymark session shorttitle sponsor subject targetfile tertiarymark tertiarytype typeofwork url
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1. Identity statement
Reference TypeJournal Article
Siteplutao.sid.inpe.br
Holder Codeisadg {BR SPINPE} ibi 8JMKD3MGPCW/3DT298S
IdentifierJ8LNKAN8RW/3D53B58
Repositorydpi.inpe.br/plutao/2012/11.28.14.52
Last Update2013:01.17.12.39.06 (UTC) administrator
Metadata Repositorydpi.inpe.br/plutao/2012/11.28.14.52.11
Metadata Last Update2021:01.03.02.11.05 (UTC) administrator
Secondary KeyINPE--PRE/
DOI10.5194/amtd-5-1717-2012
ISSN1867-8610
Labellattes: 5379515759830546 8 SchneebeliSBACMBM:2012:FiReCH
Citation KeySchneebeliSBACMBM:2012:FiReCH
TitleObservations of tropical rain with a polarimetric X-band radar: first results from the CHUVA campaign
Year2012
Access Date2023, Jan. 29
Secondary TypePRE PI
Number of Files1
Size1611 KiB
2. Context
Author1 Schneebeli, M.
2 Sakuragi, Jojhy
3 Biscaro, Thiago Souza
4 Angelis, C. F.
5 Carvalho da Costa, I.
6 Morales, C.
7 Baldini, L.
8 Machado, Luiz Augusto Toledo
Resume Identifier1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 8JMKD3MGP5W/3C9JHMS
Group1
2 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
3 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
4
5
6
7
8 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
Affiliation1 Ecole Polytechnique F´ed´ erale de Lausanne (EPFL), School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering (ENAC), Lausanne, Switzerland
2 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
3 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
4
5
6 Instituto de Astronomia, Geofisica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
7 nstituto di Scienze dell’Atmosfera e del Clima (CNR), Rome, Italy
8 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
Author e-Mail Address1
2 jojhy.sakuragi@cptec.inpe.br
3 tsbiscaro@gmail.com
4
5
6
7
8 machado@cptec.inpe.br
e-Mail Addressmachado@cptec.inpe.br
JournalAtmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions
Volume5
Number1
Pages1717-1761
History (UTC)2012-11-28 23:06:24 :: lattes -> marciana :: 2012
2013-01-17 12:39:57 :: marciana -> administrator :: 2012
2021-01-03 02:11:05 :: administrator -> marciana :: 2012
3. Content and structure
Is the master or a copy?is the master
Content Stagecompleted
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Content TypeExternal Contribution
Version Typepublisher
KeywordsPolarimetric radar
Atenuation
Tropical rain
AbstractA polarimetric X-band radar has been deployed during one month (April 2011) for a field campaign in Fortaleza, Brazil, together with additional sensors like a Ka-band vertically pointing frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar and three laser disdrometers. The disdrometers as well as the FMCW radar are capable of measuring 5 the rain drop size distributions (DSDs), hence making it possible to forward-model theoretical polarimetric X-band radar observables at the point where the instruments are located. This set-up allows to thoroughly test the accuracy of the X-band radar measurements as well as the algorithms that are used to correct the radar data for radome and rain attenuation. In the first campaign in Fortaleza it was found that radome atten- 10 uation dominantly affects the measurements. With an algorithm that is based on the self-consistency of the polarimetric observables, the radome induced reflectivity offset was estimated. Offset corrected measurements were then further corrected for rain attenuation with two different schemes. The performance of the post-processing steps is being analyzed by comparing the data with disdrometer-inferred polarimetric variables 15 that were measured in a distance of 20 km to the radar.
AreaMET
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data URLhttp://urlib.net/ibi/J8LNKAN8RW/3D53B58
zipped data URLhttp://urlib.net/zip/J8LNKAN8RW/3D53B58
Languageen
Target Fileamtd-5-1717-2012.pdf
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5. Allied materials
Next Higher Units8JMKD3MGPCW/43SRC6S
DisseminationWEBSCI; PORTALCAPES.
Host Collectiondpi.inpe.br/plutao@80/2008/08.19.15.01
6. Notes
NotesSetores de Atividade: Pesquisa e desenvolvimento científico.
Empty Fieldsalternatejournal archivist callnumber copyholder copyright creatorhistory descriptionlevel format isbn lineage mark mirrorrepository month nextedition orcid parameterlist parentrepositories previousedition previouslowerunit progress project readergroup rightsholder secondarydate secondarymark session shorttitle sponsor subject tertiarymark tertiarytype typeofwork url
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1. Identity statement
Reference TypeJournal Article
Siteplutao.sid.inpe.br
Holder Codeisadg {BR SPINPE} ibi 8JMKD3MGPCW/3DT298S
IdentifierJ8LNKAN8RW/3D53L87
Repositorydpi.inpe.br/plutao/2012/11.28.16.42.41
Last Update2013:02.07.16.20.13 (UTC) administrator
Metadata Repositorydpi.inpe.br/plutao/2012/11.28.16.42.42
Metadata Last Update2021:01.03.02.11.05 (UTC) administrator
DOI10.1029/2012JD017723
ISSN0148-0227
2156-2202
Labellattes: 7258266163150929 5 YuanRBZAPOGYA:2012:AeInEf
Citation KeyYuanRBZAPOGYA:2012:AeInEf
TitleAerosol indirect effect on tropospheric ozone via lightning
Year2012
Access Date2023, Jan. 29
Secondary TypePRE PI
Number of Files1
Size3747 KiB
2. Context
Author 1 Yuan, Tianle
 2 Remer, Lorraine A.
 3 Bian, Huisheng
 4 Ziemke, Jerald R.
 5 Albrecht, Rachel Ifanger
 6 Pickering, Kenneth E.
 7 Oreopoulos, Lazaros
 8 Goodman, Steven J.
 9 Yu, Hongbin
10 Allen, Dale J.
Group 1
 2
 3
 4
 5 DSA-CPT-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR
Affiliation 1 University of Maryland / Climate and Radiation Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
 2 University of Maryland
 3 University of Maryland / Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
 4 Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center / Goddard Earth and Sciences Technology and Research, Morgan State University
 5 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
 6 Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
 7 Climate and Radiation Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
 8 NOAA/NESDIS, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
 9 Climate and Radiation Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center / Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland
10 Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland
Author e-Mail Address 1 tianle.yuan@nasa.gov
 2
 3
 4
 5 rachel.albrecht@cptec.inpe.br
e-Mail Addressrachel.albrecht@cptec.inpe.br
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume117
NumberD18
PagesD18213
Secondary MarkB1_ASTRONOMIA_/_FÍSICA B2_CIÊNCIA_DA_COMPUTAÇÃO A1_CIÊNCIAS_AGRÁRIAS_I A1_ECOLOGIA_E_MEIO_AMBIENTE A1_ENGENHARIAS_I A2_ENGENHARIAS_II A1_ENGENHARIAS_III A2_ENGENHARIAS_IV A1_GEOCIÊNCIAS A1_INTERDISCIPLINAR
History (UTC)2012-11-28 23:06:28 :: lattes -> administrator :: 2012
2013-02-07 16:03:33 :: administrator -> marciana :: 2012
2013-02-07 16:20:13 :: marciana -> administrator :: 2012
2021-01-03 02:11:05 :: administrator -> marciana :: 2012
3. Content and structure
Is the master or a copy?is the master
Content Stagecompleted
Transferable1
Content TypeExternal Contribution
Version Typepublisher
Keywordsaerosol
tropospheric ozone
greenhouse gas
lightning
AbstractTropospheric ozone (O3) is a pollutant and major greenhouse gas and its radiative forcing is still uncertain. Inadequate understanding of processes related to O3 production, in particular those natural ones such as lightning, contributes to this uncertainty. Here we demonstrate a new effect of aerosol particles on O3 production by affecting lightning activity and lightning-generated NOx (LNOx). We find that lightning flash rate increases at a remarkable rate of 30 times or more per unit of aerosol optical depth. We provide observational evidence that indicates the observed increase in lightning activity is caused by the influx of aerosols from a volcano. Satellite data analyses show O3 is increased as a result of aerosol-induced increase in lightning and LNOx, which is supported by modle simulations with prescribed lightning change. O3 production increase from this aerosollightning-ozone link is concentrated in the upper troposphere, where O3 is most efficient as a greenhouse gas. In the face of anthropogenic aerosol increase our findings suggest that lightning activity, LNOx and O3, especially in the upper troposphere, have all increased substantially since preindustrial time due to the proposed aerosol-lightning-ozone link, which implies a stronger O3 historical radiative forcing. Aerosol forcing therefore has a warming component via its effect on O3 production and this component has mostly been ignored in previous studies of climate forcing related to O3 and aerosols. Sensitivity simulations suggest that 48% increase of column tropospheric ozone, mainly in the tropics, is expected if aerosol-lighting-ozone link is parameterized, depending on the background emission scenario. We note, however, substantial uncertainties remain on the exact magnitude of aerosol effect on tropospheric O3 via lightning. The challenges for obtaining a quantitative global estimate of this effect are also discussed. Our results have significant implications for understanding past and projecting future tropospheric O3 forcing as well as wildfire changes and call for integrated investigations of the coupled aerosol-cloud-chemistry system.
AreaMET
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data URLhttp://urlib.net/ibi/J8LNKAN8RW/3D53L87
zipped data URLhttp://urlib.net/zip/J8LNKAN8RW/3D53L87
Languageen
Target FileYuan_etal2012-JGR.pdf
User Groupadministrator
lattes
marciana
Visibilityshown
Archiving Policydenypublisher6 allowfinaldraft
Update Permissionnot transferred
5. Allied materials
Next Higher Units8JMKD3MGPCW/43SRC6S
DisseminationWEBSCI; AGU; MGA; COMPENDEX.
Host Collectiondpi.inpe.br/plutao@80/2008/08.19.15.01
6. Notes
Empty Fieldsalternatejournal archivist callnumber copyholder copyright creatorhistory descriptionlevel format isbn lineage mark mirrorrepository month nextedition notes orcid parameterlist parentrepositories previousedition previouslowerunit progress project readergroup readpermission resumeid rightsholder secondarydate secondarykey session shorttitle sponsor subject tertiarymark tertiarytype typeofwork url
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